The TeX Live package is a comprehensive TeX document production system. It includes TeX, LaTeX2e, ConTeXt, Metafont, MetaPost, BibTeX and many other programs; an extensive collection of macros, fonts and documentation; and support for typesetting in many different scripts from around the world.
It is necessary to use a binary installer for the first install.
This will provide the programs, the scripts, and a lot of
supporting files and documentation. After that, you can rebuild
most of the programs from source by following the instructions for
texlive-20140525. The installer is updated
frequently, so its md5sum will change if it is newer than what is
shown below. Newer versions of the installer are expected to work
with these instructions, for so long as they install to a
This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.5 platform.
Download (HTTP): http://mirror.ctan.org/systems/texlive/tlnet/install-tl-unx.tar.gz
Download MD5 sum: f5b1e909d5c2380cefd2cda83d288c00 (at 20140628)
Download size: 3.2 MB
Estimated disk space required: 3.8 GB
Estimated build time: varies, depending on network speed and traffic
The binaries are mostly linked to static libraries such as
libc.a, but a few of the programs and
several scripts will fail if the following packages are not
ghostscript-9.14 is dynamically loaded by dvisvgm, which is used by asy.
Xorg Libraries and libxcb-1.10 are needed for asy, inimf, mf, pdfclose, pdfopen and xdvixaw. But if you are using TeX to create a PDF file, you will need an X Window System to support a PDF viewer of your choice, for example epdfview-0.1.8.
the optional non-wide-character ncurses library (for "some binary-only application") from the bottom of the Ncurses page in LFS is needed for xindy.run which is used by xindy
Python-2.7.8 is used by many scripts.
Ruby-2.1.2 is used by some scripts, mostly within mtx_context which is part of conTeXt.
The TeX Live set of programs with
its supporting documents, fonts, and utilities is very large. The
upstream maintainers recommend placing all files in a single
directory structure. BLFS recommends
First, unpack the installer and change into the installer's
install-tl-<CCYYMMDD>. This directory name
changes when the installer is updated, so replace <CCYYMMDD>
by the correct directory name.
tar -xf install-tl-unx.tar.gz && cd install-tl-<CCYYMMDD>
The distribution binaries installed below use static linking for general linux system libraries. Additional libraries or interpreters as specified in the dependencies section do not need to be present during the install, but the programs that need them will not run until their specific dependencies have been installed.
Now, as the
This command is interactive and allows selection or modification of platform, packages, directories, and other options. The full installation scheme will require about 3.8 gigabytes of disk space. The time to complete the download will depend on your internet connection speed and the number of packages selected.
After the package download is complete, the next step is to make
sure that the system can properly find the files. If you set up
your login scripts as recommended in The
Bash Shell Startup Files, update the needed paths by appending
extrapaths.sh script. The
programs are always installed in an <ARCH>-linux
subdirectory. Always replace
<ARCH> by x86_64, for 64bit, or by i386, for 32bit,
respectively, depending on the architecture that you are using in
your actual installation location.
cat >> /etc/profile.d/extrapaths.sh << "EOF" pathappend /usr/share/man MANPATH pathappend /opt/texlive/2014/texmf-dist/doc/man MANPATH pathappend /usr/share/info INFOPATH pathappend /opt/texlive/2014/texmf-dist/doc/info INFOPATH pathappend /opt/texlive/2014/bin/<ARCH>-linux EOF
The standard MANPATH and INFOPATH path are specified above to ensure they are included. If they are already set in the boot script procedure, the pathappend function will ensure duplicates are removed, so including them here will do no harm.
The new paths can be immediately activated by running source /etc/profile.
At this point the binary installation is complete.
Last updated on 2014-07-03 01:11:48 +0000