Introduction to TeX Live from source
After installing a partial TeX build (or alternatively installing
the binary version), here we will build all of TeX Live from source
(except biber which is not
supplied in the source tarball and will be dealt with separately).
This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.6
TeX Live Dependencies
Either texlive-20140525-source pass 1
or install-tl-unx , and Clisp-2.49 (to build
xindy which is an
index processor for multi-lingual index creation)
ghostscript-9.15 (for dvisvgm - used by
asymptote which provides a mathematical coordinate-based framework
for technical drawing), X Window
The source ships with its own versions of many libraries, and will use them unless
it is forced to use the system versions. The following are
recommended so that the system version will be used: Fontconfig-2.11.1, FreeType-2.5.3, GC-7.4.2, Graphite2-1.2.4, Harfbuzz-0.9.35 (linked to graphite2),
ICU-54.1, libpaper-1.1.24+nmu3, libpng-1.6.14, Poppler-0.26.5
The source ships with its own versions of several libraries which
are either not under active development, or only used for limited
functionality. If you install these, as with some other optional
dependencies in this book you will need to tell configure to use the system
versions. GD, t1lib,
Python-2.7.8 is used by many scripts. Ruby-2.1.4 is used by some scripts, mostly within
mtx_context which is part of conTeXt, but also for one or two others, such
as match_parens, which are generally useful.
User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/texlive
Installation of TeX Live
If you started with the binary installer, these instructions will
overwrite the programs it installed.
export TEXARCH=$(uname -m | sed -e 's/i.86/i386/' -e 's/$/-linux/') &&
mkdir texlive-build &&
cd texlive-build &&
--disable-static --enable-shared \
--with-banner-add=" - BLFS" \
Asymptote has to be separately configured. It ships with its own
copy of the gc source tarball, and will only use the system version
if that local source is removed.
pushd ../utils/asymptote &&
rm -v gc-7.4.0.tar.gz &&
echo "ac_cv_lib_m_sqrt=yes" >config.cache &&
echo "ac_cv_lib_z_deflate=yes" >>config.cache &&
./configure LIBS="-ltirpc " \
--cache-file=config.cache && &&
unset TEXARCH &&
make -C ../utils/asymptote
To test the results, issue: make -k
check && make -C utils/asymptote check.
If you have used the binary installer, you will want to do a full
install. As the
make install &&
make -C ../utils/asymptote install
For people who have followed the LFS way and built from source, it
is only necessary to install xindy
and asy, so, as the
make -C utils/xindy install &&
make -C ../utils/asymptote install
One part of the package remains to be rebuilt: biber-1.9.
--prefix=, --bindir=, --datarootdir=,
--infodir=, --mandir= ... : these switches ensure that
the files installed from source will overwrite any corresponding
files previously installed by install-tl-unx so that the alternative methods
of installing texlive are
... : these switches ensure that the libraries will be
found at runtime, and that programs can be compiled against them.
switch prevents installation of static versions of the libraries.
--enable-shared: Use shared
this parameter is used, the included versions of these libraries
will be statically compiled into the programs which need them. If
you decided not to install a recommended library, omit the
Uniquely, this parameter has a non-standard meaning, it tells
configure to use the
system-installed poppler headers
and library. Again, omit this if you have not installed
echo "ac_cv_lib_m_sqrt=yes" ...
LIBS="-ltirpc " >config.cache, ...
--cache-file=config.cache : The configure scripts in
TeX Live are uncommon. Asymptote
not only has to be separately configured and built, the configure
script fails to find the shared
libtirpc.so. Passing that in LIBS breaks the
tests for (static) libm and (shared) libz, so we have to fix things
up, in much the same way as when cross-compiling.
--without-x: use this (and omit the
configure and make in
if you do not have Xorg installed.
Over 300 binaries and symlinks to
The programs included in TeX are too numerous to individually
list. Please refer to the individual program HTML and PDF
pages in the installation directory's
2014/doc.html file, or the various
html, man, or pdf files within the subdirectories of
(kpathsearch) exists to look up a file in a list of
is a library for Japanese pTeX (publishing TeX).
Last updated on 2014-10-24 23:59:55 +0000