Vim-8.2.1209

Introduction to Vim

The Vim package, which is an abbreviation for VI IMproved, contains a vi clone with extra features as compared to the original vi.

The default LFS instructions install vim as a part of the base system. If you would prefer to link vim against X, you should recompile vim to enable GUI mode. There is no need for special instructions since X support is automatically detected.

[Note]

Note

The version of vim changes daily. The get the latest version, go to https://github.com/vim/vim/releases.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-9.1 platform.

Package Information

Vim Dependencies

Recommended

Optional

GPM-1.20.7, Lua-5.4.0, Python-2.7.18, rsync-3.2.2 and Ruby-2.7.1

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/vim

Installation of Vim

[Note]

Note

If you recompile Vim to link against X and your X libraries are not on the root partition, you will no longer have an editor for use in emergencies. You may choose to install an additional editor, not link Vim against X, or move the current vim executable to the /bin directory under a different name such as vi.

First, if you are building the Lua interpreter for VIM, adapt it to an API change in lua-5.4.0:

sed -i '440 s/static int/int/' src/if_lua.c

Install Vim by running the following commands:

echo '#define SYS_VIMRC_FILE  "/etc/vimrc"' >>  src/feature.h &&
echo '#define SYS_GVIMRC_FILE "/etc/gvimrc"' >> src/feature.h &&

./configure --prefix=/usr        \
            --with-features=huge \
            --enable-gui=gtk3    \
            --with-tlib=ncursesw &&
make
[Note]

Note

If the global configuration file /etc/vimrc references the VIMRUNTIME environment variable, some tests may complain about being unable to find the corresponding directory and wait for user input. If this is the case, this file should be saved and removed before running the tests.

To test the results, issue: make -j1 test. Even if one of the tests fails to produce the file test.out in src/testdir, the remaining tests will still be executed. If all goes well, the log will report ALL DONE. Some tests labelled as flaky may fail occasionally and can be ignored.

[Note]

Note

Some color tests expect to be executed under the xterm terminal emulator.

Now, as the root user:

make install

By default, Vim's documentation is installed in /usr/share/vim. The following symlink allows the documentation to be accessed via /usr/share/doc/vim-8.2.1209, making it consistent with the location of documentation for other packages:

ln -snfv ../vim/vim82/doc /usr/share/doc/vim-8.2.1209

If you wish to update the runtime files, issue the following command (requires rsync-3.2.2):

rsync -avzcP --exclude="/dos/" --exclude="/spell/" \
    ftp.nluug.nl::Vim/runtime/ ./runtime/

To install the runtime files and regenerate the tags file, as the root user issue:

make -C src installruntime &&
vim -c ":helptags /usr/share/doc/vim-8.2.1209" -c ":q"

Command Explanations

--with-features=huge: This switch enables all the additional features available in Vim, including support for multibyte characters.

--with-tlib=ncursesw: This switch forces Vim to link against the libncursesw library.

--enable-gui=no: This will prevent compilation of the GUI. Vim will still link against X, so that some features such as the client-server model or the x11-selection (clipboard) are still available.

--without-x: If you prefer not to link Vim against X, use this switch.

--enable-luainterp, --enable-perlinterp, --enable-pythoninterp, --enable-tclinterp, --enable-rubyinterp: These options include the Lua, Perl, Python, Tcl, or Ruby interpreters that allow using other application code in vim scripts.

Configuring Vim

Config Files

/etc/vimrc and ~/.vimrc

Configuration Information

Vim has an integrated spell checker which you can enable by issuing the following in a vim window:

:setlocal spell spelllang=ru

This setting will enable spell checking for the Russian language for the current session.

By default, Vim only installs spell files for the English language. If a spell file is not available for a language, then Vim will call the $VIMRUNTIME/plugin/spellfile.vim plugin and will try to obtain the *.spl and optionally *.sug from the vim ftp server, by using the $VIMRUNTIME/plugin/netrwPlugin.vim plugin.

Alternatively you can manually download the *.spl and *.sug files from: ftp://ftp.vim.org/pub/vim/runtime/spell/ and save them to ~/.vim/spell or in /usr/share/vim/vim82/spell/.

To find out what's new in Vim-8.2.1209 issue the following command:

:help version-8.2.1209

For additional information on setting up Vim configuration files, see The vimrc Files and http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Example_vimrc.

Contents

A list of the reinstalled files, along with their short descriptions can be found in the LFS Vim Installation Instructions

Installed Programs: gview, gvim, gvimdiff, gvimtutor, rgview, and rgvim
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directory: /usr/share/vim

Short Descriptions

gview

starts gvim in read-only mode.

gvim

is the editor that runs under X and includes a GUI.

gvimdiff

edits two or three versions of a file with gvim and shows the differences.

gvimtutor

teaches the basic keys and commands of gvim.

rgview

is a restricted version of gview.

rgvim

is a restricted version of gvim.

Last updated on 2020-07-15 12:46:02 -0500