rsync-3.1.1

Introduction to rsync

The rsync package contains the rsync utility. This is useful for synchronizing large file archives over a network.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.6 systemd platform.

Package Information

rsync Dependencies

Recommended

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/rsync

Installation of rsync

For security reasons, running the rsync server as an unprivileged user and group is encouraged. If you intend to run rsync as a daemon, create the rsyncd user and group with the following commands issued by the root user:

groupadd -g 48 rsyncd &&
useradd -c "rsyncd Daemon" -d /home/rsync -g rsyncd \
    -s /bin/false -u 48 rsyncd

Install rsync by running the following commands:

./configure --prefix=/usr --without-included-zlib &&
make

If you have Doxygen-1.8.8 installed and wish to build HTML API documentation, issue doxygen.

To test the results, issue: make check.

Now, as the root user:

make install

If you built the documentation, install it using the following commands as the root user:

install -v -m755 -d          /usr/share/doc/rsync-3.1.1/api &&
install -v -m644 dox/html/*  /usr/share/doc/rsync-3.1.1/api

Command Explanations

--without-included-zlib: This switch enables compilation with system-installed zlib library.

Configuring rsync

Config Files

/etc/rsyncd.conf

Configuration Information

For client access to remote files, you may need to install the OpenSSH-6.6p1 package to connect to the remote server.

This is a simple download-only configuration to set up running rsync as a server. See the rsyncd.conf(5) man-page for additional options (i.e., user authentication).

cat > /etc/rsyncd.conf << "EOF"
# This is a basic rsync configuration file
# It exports a single module without user authentication.

motd file = /home/rsync/welcome.msg
use chroot = yes

[localhost]
    path = /home/rsync
    comment = Default rsync module
    read only = yes
    list = yes
    uid = rsyncd
    gid = rsyncd

EOF

You can find additional configuration information and general documentation about rsync at http://rsync.samba.org/documentation.html.

Systemd Units

Note that you only want to start the rsync server if you want to provide an rsync archive on your local machine. You don't need this unit to run the rsync client.

To start the rsync daemon at boot, install the systemd units from the blfs-systemd-units-20140824 package by running the following command as the root user:

make install-rsyncd
[Note]

Note

This package comes with two types of units: A service file and a socket file. The service file will start rsync daemon once at boot and it will keep running until the system shuts down. The socket file will make systemd listen on rsync port (Default 873, needs to be edited for anything else) and will start rsync daemon when something tries to connect to that port and stop the daemon when the connection is terminated. This is called socket activation. By default, the first method is used - rsync daemon is started at boot and stopped at shutdown. If the socket method is desired, you need to run as the root user:

systemctl stop rsyncd &&
systemctl disable rsyncd &&
systemctl enable rsyncd.socket &&
systemctl start rsyncd.socket

Note that socket method is only useful for remote backups. For local backups you'll need the service method.

Contents

Installed Program: rsync
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directories: Optionally, /usr/share/doc/rsync-3.1.1

Short Descriptions

rsync

is a replacement for rcp (and scp) that has many more features. It uses the “rsync algorithm” which provides a very fast method of syncing remote files. It does this by sending just the differences in the files across the link, without requiring that both sets of files are present at one end of the link beforehand.

Last updated on 2014-08-25 20:50:07 +0000