Introduction to systemd

Even though systemd was installed while building LFS, there are many features provided by the package that were not included in the initial installation due to unmet dependencies. The systemd package needs to be rebuilt to provide a working systemd-logind service, among many others.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS 7.9-systemd platform.

This package is known to build properly using the gcc-6 compiler.

Package Information

systemd Dependencies



Recommended Runtime Dependency


Certificate Authority Certificates, cURL-7.49.0, elfutils-0.166, GnuTLS-3.5.0, Iptables-1.6.0, libgcrypt-1.7.0, libidn-1.32, libxkbcommon-0.6.1, Python-2.7.11 or Python-3.5.1, qemu-2.6.0, Valgrind-3.11.0, cryptsetup, gnu-efi, kexec-tools, libmicrohttpd, libseccomp, lxml (Python Module), lz4, qrencode, quota-tools and Sphinx



In order to build the systemd Python module, lxml package needs to be installed for the corresponding Python version (2 or 3). Note that configure defaults to Python 2. In order to build the module for Python 3, make sure you pass the PYTHON=python3 environment variable to the configure command below.

Optional (to rebuild the manual pages)

docbook-xml-4.5, docbook-xsl-1.79.1 and libxslt-1.1.29

User Notes:

Installation of systemd

First, fix a potential security issue with framebuffer devices:

sed -e 's@DRI and frame buffer@DRI@' \
    -e '/SUBSYTEM==\"graphics\", KERNEL==\"fb\*\"/d' \
    -i  src/login/70-uaccess.rules

Disable two tests that always fail:

sed -e 's:test/ ::g'  \
    -e 's:test-copy$(EXEEXT) ::g' \

Rebuild systemd by running the following commands:

cc_cv_CFLAGS__flto=no                \
./configure --prefix=/usr            \
            --sysconfdir=/etc        \
            --localstatedir=/var     \
            --with-rootprefix=       \
            --with-rootlibdir=/lib   \
            --enable-split-usr       \
            --disable-firstboot      \
            --disable-ldconfig       \
            --disable-sysusers       \
            --without-python         \
            --with-default-dnssec=no \
            --docdir=/usr/share/doc/systemd-230 &&


For the best results, make sure you run the testsuite from a system that is booted by the same systemd version you are rebuilding.

To test the results, issue: make -k check.



Installing the package will override all files installed by systemd in LFS. It is critical that nothing uses either systemd or Udev libraries or programs during the installation phrase. Best way to achieve that is to do the installation in the rescue mode. To switch to the rescue mode, issue the following command as the root user from a TTY:

systemctl start

Now, as the root user:

make install

Move NSS libraries to /lib by running the following command as the root user:

mv -v /usr/lib/libnss_{myhostname,mymachines,resolve}.so.2 /lib

Remove an unnecessary directory by running the following command as the root user:

rm -rfv /usr/lib/rpm

Configuring systemd

The /etc/pam.d/system-sesion file needs to be modified and a new file needs to be created in order for systemd-logind to work correctly. To accomplish that, run the following commands as the root user:

cat >> /etc/pam.d/system-session << "EOF"
# Begin Systemd addition
session   required
session   optional

# End Systemd addition

cat > /etc/pam.d/systemd-user << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/pam.d/systemd-user

account  required
account  include  system-account

session  required
session  required
session  include  system-session

auth     required
password required

# End /etc/pam.d/systemd-user

At this point, you should reload the systemd daemon, and reenter multi-user mode with the following commands as the root user:

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl start


If upgrading from a previous version of systemd and you use an initrd, the system will hang during boot if you do not generate a new initrd with included.


A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be found at ../../../../lfs/view/systemd/chapter06/systemd.html#contents-systemd.

Below are listed newly installed libraries and directories along with short descriptions.

Installed Programs: None
Installed Libraries: (in /lib/security)
Installed Directories: None

Short Descriptions

is a PAM module used to register user sessions with the systemd login manager, systemd-logind.

Last updated on 2016-05-30 23:54:06 -0500