MariaDB-10.0.21

Introduction to MariaDB

MariaDB is a community-developed fork and a drop-in replacement for the MySQL relational database management system.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.7 platform.

This package is known to build and work properly using the gcc-5 compiler.

Package Information

[Note]

Note

The installed size of MariaDB is 388 MB, but this can be reduced by about 168 MB, if desired, by removing the /usr/share/mysql/test directory after installation.

MariaDB Dependencies

Required

CMake-3.3.1 and OpenSSL-1.0.2d

Recommended

Optional

Boost-1.59.0, libxml2-2.9.2, Linux-PAM-1.2.1, PCRE-8.37, Ruby-2.2.3, unixODBC-2.3.2, Valgrind-3.10.1, Groonga, KyTea, Judy, libaio, lz4, MeCab, MessagePack, mruby, Sphinx, TokuDB, and ZeroMQ

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/mariadb

Installation of MariaDB

[Warning]

Warning

MariaDB and MySQL cannot be installed on the same system without extensive changes to the build configuration of one of the two applications.

For security reasons, running the server as an unprivileged user and group is strongly encouraged. Issue the following (as root) to create the user and group:

groupadd -g 40 mysql &&
useradd -c "MySQL Server" -d /srv/mysql -g mysql -s /bin/false -u 40 mysql

Install MariaDB by running the following commands:

sed -i "s@data/test@\${INSTALL_MYSQLTESTDIR}@g" sql/CMakeLists.txt &&

mkdir build &&
cd build    &&

cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release                       \
      -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr                      \
      -DINSTALL_DOCDIR=share/doc/mariadb-10.0.21       \
      -DINSTALL_DOCREADMEDIR=share/doc/mariadb-10.0.21 \
      -DINSTALL_MANDIR=share/man                       \
      -DINSTALL_MYSQLSHAREDIR=share/mysql              \
      -DINSTALL_MYSQLTESTDIR=share/mysql/test          \
      -DINSTALL_PLUGINDIR=lib/mysql/plugin             \
      -DINSTALL_SBINDIR=sbin                           \
      -DINSTALL_SCRIPTDIR=bin                          \
      -DINSTALL_SQLBENCHDIR=share/mysql/bench          \
      -DINSTALL_SUPPORTFILESDIR=share/mysql            \
      -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/srv/mysql                       \
      -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock        \
      -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=complex                    \
      -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=ON                        \
      -DTOKUDB_OK=0                                    \
      .. &&
make

To test the results, issue: make test.

Now, as the root user:

make install

Command Explanations

sed -i ...: Set correct installation directory for some components.

-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=ON: This switch enables compiling the embedded server library needed by certain applications, such as Amarok..

-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=complex: This switch enables support for the complex character sets.

-DWITHOUT_SERVER=ON -DWITH_UNIT_TESTS=OFF: Use these switches if you don't want the server and would like to build the client only.

[Note]

Note

There are numerous options available to cmake. Check the output of the cmake . -LH for additional customization options.

Configuring MySQL

Config Files

/etc/mysql/my.cnf and ~/.my.cnf

Configuration Information

Create basic /etc/mysql/my.cnf using the following command as the root user:

install -v -dm 755 /etc/mysql &&
cat > /etc/mysql/my.cnf << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/mysql/my.cnf

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
#password       = your_password
port            = 3306
socket          = /run/mysqld/mysqld.sock

# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
port            = 3306
socket          = /run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
datadir         = /srv/mysql
skip-external-locking
key_buffer_size = 16M
max_allowed_packet = 1M
sort_buffer_size = 512K
net_buffer_length = 16K
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M

# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all.
skip-networking

# required unique id between 1 and 2^32 - 1
server-id       = 1

# Uncomment the following if you are using BDB tables
#bdb_cache_size = 4M
#bdb_max_lock = 10000

# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#innodb_data_home_dir = /srv/mysql
#innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = /srv/mysql
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
#innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16M
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
#innodb_log_file_size = 5M
#innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
#innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M

[mysql]
no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates

[isamchk]
key_buffer = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout

# End /etc/mysql/my.cnf
EOF

You can now install a database and change the ownership to the unprivileged user and group (perform as the root user):

mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr --datadir=/srv/mysql --user=mysql &&
chown -R mysql:mysql /srv/mysql

Further configuration requires that the MariaDB server is running. Start the server using the following commands as the root user:

install -v -m755 -o mysql -g mysql -d /run/mysqld &&
mysqld_safe --user=mysql 2>&1 >/dev/null &

A default installation does not set up a password for the administrator, so use the following command as the root user to set one.

mysqladmin -u root password

Configuration of the server is now finished. Shut the server down using the following command as the root user:

mysqladmin -p shutdown

Boot Script

Install the /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql init script included in the blfs-bootscripts-20150823 package as the root user to start the MariaDB server during system boot-up.

make install-mysql

Contents

Installed Programs: aria_chk, aria_dump_log, aria_ftdump, aria_pack, aria_read_log, innochecksum, msql2mysql, my_print_defaults, myisam_ftdump, myisamchk, myisamlog, myisampack, mysql, mysql_client_test, mysql_client_test_embedded, mysql_config, mysql_convert_table_format, mysql_embedded, mysql_find_rows, mysql_fix_extensions, mysql_install_db, mysql_plugin, mysql_secure_installation, mysql_setpermission, mysql_tzinfo_to_sql, mysql_upgrade, mysql_waitpid, mysql_zap, mysqlaccess, mysqladmin, mysqlbinlog, mysqlbug, mysqlcheck, mysqld, mysqld_multi, mysqld_safe, mysqldump, mysqldumpslow, mysqlhotcopy, mysqlimport, mysqlshow, mysqlslap, mysqltest, mysqltest_embedded, mytop, perror, replace, resolve_stack_dump, and resolveip
Installed Libraries: libmysqlclient.{so,a}, libmysqlclient_r.{so,a} (symbolic links to libmysqlclient.{so,a}), libmysqld.{so,a}, libmysqlservices.a, and several under /usr/lib/mysql/plugin/
Installed Directories: /{etc,srv,usr/{include,lib,share}}/mysql and /usr/share/doc/mariadb-10.0.21

Short Descriptions

The Perl DBI modules must be installed for some of the MariaDB support programs to function properly.

Short Descriptions

aria_chk

is used to check, repair, optimize, sort and get information about Aria tables.

aria_dump_log

is a tool to dump content of Aria log pages.

aria_ftdump

displays full-text index information.

aria_pack

is a tool to generate compressed, read-only Aria tables.

aria_read_log

displays Aria log file contents.

innochecksum

prints checksums for InnoDB files.

msql2mysql

is a tool to convert mSQL programs for use with MySQL.

my_print_defaults

displays the options from option groups of option files.

myisam_ftdump

displays information about FULLTEXT indexes in MyISAM tables.

myisamchk

gets information about your database tables or checks, repairs, or optimizes them.

myisamlog

displays MyISAM log file contents.

myisampack

is a tool for compressing MyISAM tables.

mysql

is a simple SQL shell with input line editing capabilities.

mysql_client_test

is used for testing aspects of the MySQL client API that cannot be tested using mysqltest and its test language.

mysql_client_test_embedded

is a tool to test client API for embedded server.

mysql_config

provides you with useful information for compiling your MySQL client and connecting it to MySQL.

mysql_convert_table_format

converts the tables in a database to use a particular storage engine.

mysql_embedded

is a MySQL client statically linked to libmysqld.

mysql_find_rows

reads files containing SQL statements and extracts statements that match a given regular expression or that contain USE db_name or SET statements.

mysql_fix_extensions

converts the extensions for MyISAM (or ISAM ) table files to their canonical forms.

mysql_install_db

initializes the MySQL data directory and creates the system tables that it contains, if they do not exist.

mysql_plugin

is a utility that enable MySQL administrators to manage which plugins a MySQL server loads.

mysql_secure_installation

is a tool to improve MySQL snstallation security.

mysql_setpermission

sets permissions in the MySQL grant tables.

mysql_tzinfo_to_sql

loads the time zone tables in the mysql database.

mysql_upgrade

examines all tables in all databases for incompatibilities with the current version of MySQL Server.

mysql_waitpid

signals a process to terminate and waits for the process to exit.

mysql_zap

is a tool to kill processes that match a pattern.

mysqlaccess

checks the access privileges for a host name, user name, and database combination.

mysqladmin

is a client for performing administrative operations.

mysqlbinlog

read binary log files.

mysqlbug

is a tool to generate bug report.

mysqlcheck

performs table maintenance: It checks, repairs, optimizes, or analyzes tables.

mysqld

is the MySQL server daemon.

mysqld_multi

is designed to manage several mysqld processes that listen for connections on different Unix socket files and TCP/IP ports.

mysqld_safe

is the recommended way to start a mysqld server on Unix and NetWare.

mysqldump

is a backup program.

mysqldumpslow

parses MySQL slow query log files and prints a summary of their contents.

mysqlhotcopy

locks the table, flush the table and then performs a copy of the database.

mysqlimport

reads a range of data formats, and inserts the data into a database.

mysqlshow

shows the structure of a MariaDB database.

mysqlslap

is a diagnostic program designed to emulate client load for a MySQL server and to report the timing of each stage.

mysqltest

runs a test case against a MySQL server and optionally compares the output with a result file.

mysqltest_embedded

is similar to the mysqltest command but is built with support for the libmysqld embedded server.

mytop

is a console-based tool for monitoring the threads and overall performance of a MySQL server.

perror

is a utility that displays descriptions for system or storage engine error codes.

replace

is a MariaDB/MySQL extension to the SQL standard.

resolve_stack_dump

resolves a numeric stack dump to symbols.

resolveip

is a utility for resolving IP addresses to host names and vice versa.

Last updated on 2015-08-28 21:55:25 +0000