8.19. GMP-6.2.1

The GMP package contains math libraries. These have useful functions for arbitrary precision arithmetic.

Approximate build time: 1.0 SBU
Required disk space: 52 MB

8.19.1. Installation of GMP

[Note]

Note

If you are building for 32-bit x86, but you have a CPU which is capable of running 64-bit code and you have specified CFLAGS in the environment, the configure script will attempt to configure for 64-bits and fail. Avoid this by invoking the configure command below with

ABI=32 ./configure ...
[Note]

Note

The default settings of GMP produce libraries optimized for the host processor. If libraries suitable for processors less capable than the host's CPU are desired, generic libraries can be created by running the following:

cp -v configfsf.guess config.guess
cp -v configfsf.sub   config.sub

Prepare GMP for compilation:

./configure --prefix=/usr    \
            --enable-cxx     \
            --disable-static \
            --docdir=/usr/share/doc/gmp-6.2.1

The meaning of the new configure options:

--enable-cxx

This parameter enables C++ support

--docdir=/usr/share/doc/gmp-6.2.1

This variable specifies the correct place for the documentation.

Compile the package and generate the HTML documentation:

make
make html
[Important]

Important

The test suite for GMP in this section is considered critical. Do not skip it under any circumstances.

Test the results:

make check 2>&1 | tee gmp-check-log
[Caution]

Caution

The code in gmp is highly optimized for the processor where it is built. Occasionally, the code that detects the processor misidentifies the system capabilities and there will be errors in the tests or other applications using the gmp libraries with the message "Illegal instruction". In this case, gmp should be reconfigured with the option --build=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu and rebuilt.

Ensure that all 197 tests in the test suite passed. Check the results by issuing the following command:

awk '/# PASS:/{total+=$3} ; END{print total}' gmp-check-log

Install the package and its documentation:

make install
make install-html

8.19.2. Installation of GMP - 32bit

Clean previous build:

make distclean

Generic libraries can be created by running the following:

cp -v configfsf.guess config.guess
cp -v configfsf.sub   config.sub

Prepare GMP for compilation:

ABI="32" \
CFLAGS="-m32 -O2 -pedantic -fomit-frame-pointer -mtune=generic -march=i686" \
CXXFLAGS="$CFLAGS" \
PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/usr/lib32/pkgconfig" \
./configure                      \
    --host=i686-pc-linux-gnu     \
    --prefix=/usr                \
    --disable-static             \
    --enable-cxx                 \
    --libdir=/usr/lib32          \
    --includedir=/usr/include/m32/gmp

The meaning of the new configure options:

--includedir=/usr/include/m32/gmp

Some definitions in gmp.h differs for each arch but has same name. Therefore, the headers must be separated from each other.

Compile the package:

sed -i 's/$(exec_prefix)\/include/$\(includedir\)/' Makefile
make
[Important]

Important

The test suite for GMP in this section is considered critical. Do not skip it under any circumstances.

Test the results:

make check 2>&1 | tee gmp-check-log

Ensure that all 197 tests in the test suite passed. Check the results by issuing the following command:

awk '/# PASS:/{total+=$3} ; END{print total}' gmp-check-log

Install the package:

make DESTDIR=$PWD/DESTDIR install
cp -Rv DESTDIR/usr/lib32/* /usr/lib32
cp -Rv DESTDIR/usr/include/m32/* /usr/include/m32/
rm -rf DESTDIR

8.19.3. Installation of GMP - x32-bit

Clean previous build:

make distclean

Generic libraries can be created by running the following:

cp -v configfsf.guess config.guess
cp -v configfsf.sub   config.sub

Prepare GMP for compilation:

ABI="x32" \
CFLAGS="-mx32 -O2 -pedantic -fomit-frame-pointer -mtune=generic -march=x86-64" \
CXXFLAGS="$CFLAGS" \
PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/usr/libx32/pkgconfig" \
./configure                       \
    --host=x86_64-pc-linux-gnux32 \
    --prefix=/usr                 \
    --disable-static              \
    --enable-cxx                  \
    --libdir=/usr/libx32          \
    --includedir=/usr/include/mx32/gmp

Compile the package:

sed -i 's/$(exec_prefix)\/include/$\(includedir\)/' Makefile
make
[Important]

Important

The test suite for GMP in this section is considered critical. Do not skip it under any circumstances.

Test the results:

make check 2>&1 | tee gmp-check-log

Ensure that all 197 tests in the test suite passed. Check the results by issuing the following command:

awk '/# PASS:/{total+=$3} ; END{print total}' gmp-check-log

Install the package:

make DESTDIR=$PWD/DESTDIR install
cp -Rv DESTDIR/usr/libx32/* /usr/libx32
cp -Rv DESTDIR/usr/include/mx32/* /usr/include/mx32/
rm -rf DESTDIR

8.19.4. Contents of GMP

Installed Libraries: libgmp.so and libgmpxx.so
Installed directory: /usr/share/doc/gmp-6.2.1

Short Descriptions

libgmp

Contains precision math functions

libgmpxx

Contains C++ precision math functions