6.3. Ncurses-6.3

The Ncurses package contains libraries for terminal-independent handling of character screens.

Approximate build time: 0.7 SBU
Required disk space: 50 MB

6.3.1. Installation of Ncurses

First, ensure that gawk is found first during configuration:

sed -i s/mawk// configure

Then, run the following commands to build the tic program on the build host:

mkdir build
pushd build
  ../configure
  make -C include
  make -C progs tic
popd

Prepare Ncurses for compilation:

./configure --prefix=/usr                \
            --host=$LFS_TGT              \
            --build=$(./config.guess)    \
            --mandir=/usr/share/man      \
            --with-manpage-format=normal \
            --with-shared                \
            --without-normal             \
            --with-cxx-shared            \
            --without-debug              \
            --without-ada                \
            --disable-stripping          \
            --enable-widec

The meaning of the new configure options:

--with-manpage-format=normal

This prevents Ncurses installing compressed manual pages, which may happen if the host distribution itself has compressed manual pages.

--with-shared

This makes Ncurses build and install shared C libraries.

--without-normal

This prevents Ncurses building and installing static C libraries.

--without-debug

This prevents Ncurses building and installing debug libraries.

--with-cxx-shared

This makes Ncurses build and install shared C++ bindings. It also prevents it building and installing static C++ bindings.

--without-ada

This ensures that Ncurses does not build support for the Ada compiler, which may be present on the host but will not be available once we enter the chroot environment.

--disable-stripping

This switch prevents the building system from using the strip program from the host. Using host tools on cross-compiled programs can cause failure.

--enable-widec

This switch causes wide-character libraries (e.g., libncursesw.so.6.3) to be built instead of normal ones (e.g., libncurses.so.6.3). These wide-character libraries are usable in both multibyte and traditional 8-bit locales, while normal libraries work properly only in 8-bit locales. Wide-character and normal libraries are source-compatible, but not binary-compatible.

Compile the package:

make

Install the package:

make DESTDIR=$LFS TIC_PATH=$(pwd)/build/progs/tic install
echo "INPUT(-lncursesw)" > $LFS/usr/lib/libncurses.so

The meaning of the install options:

TIC_PATH=$(pwd)/build/progs/tic

We need to pass the path of the newly built tic program that runs on the building machine, so the terminal database can be created without errors.

echo "INPUT(-lncursesw)" > $LFS/usr/lib/libncurses.so

The libncurses.so library is needed by a few packages we will build soon. We create this small linker script, as this is what is done in Chapter 8.

6.3.2. Building Ncurses - 32bit

Clean previous build:

make distclean

Prepare Ncurses for compilation:

CC="$LFS_TGT-gcc -m32"              \
CXX="$LFS_TGT-g++ -m32"             \
./configure --prefix=/usr           \
            --host=$LFS_TGT32       \
            --build=$(./config.guess)    \
            --libdir=/usr/lib32     \
            --mandir=/usr/share/man \
            --with-shared           \
            --without-normal        \
            --with-cxx-shared       \
            --without-debug         \
            --without-ada           \
            --disable-stripping     \
            --enable-widec

Compile the package:

make

Install the package:

make DESTDIR=$PWD/DESTDIR TIC_PATH=$(pwd)/build/progs/tic install
ln -s libncursesw.so DESTDIR/usr/lib32/libcursesw.so
cp -Rv DESTDIR/usr/lib32/* $LFS/usr/lib32
rm -rf DESTDIR

6.3.3. Building Ncurses - x32bit

Clean previous build:

make distclean

Prepare Ncurses for compilation:

CC="$LFS_TGT-gcc -mx32"             \
CXX="$LFS_TGT-g++ -mx32"            \
./configure --prefix=/usr           \
            --host=$LFS_TGTX32      \
            --build=$(./config.guess)    \
            --libdir=/usr/libx32    \
            --mandir=/usr/share/man \
            --with-shared           \
            --without-normal        \
            --with-cxx-shared       \
            --without-debug         \
            --without-ada           \
            --disable-stripping     \
            --enable-widec

Compile the package:

make

Install the package:

make DESTDIR=$PWD/DESTDIR TIC_PATH=$(pwd)/build/progs/tic install
ln -s libncursesw.so DESTDIR/usr/libx32/libcursesw.so
cp -Rv DESTDIR/usr/libx32/* $LFS/usr/libx32
rm -rf DESTDIR

Details on this package are located in Section 8.29.4, “Contents of Ncurses.”