Xorg Fonts

Introduction to Xorg Fonts

The Xorg font packages provide some scalable fonts and supporting packages for Xorg applications. Many people will want to install other TTF or OTF fonts in addition to, or instead of, these. Some are listed at the section called “TTF and OTF fonts”.



Development versions of BLFS may not build or run some packages properly if dependencies have been updated since the most recent stable versions of the book.

Package Information

Xorg Fonts Dependencies



User Notes: https://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/Xorg7Fonts

Downloading Xorg Fonts

First, create a list of files to be downloaded. This file will also be used to verify the integrity of the downloads when complete:

cat > font-7.md5 << "EOF"
ec6cea7a46c96ed6be431dfbbb78f366  font-util-1.4.0.tar.xz
357d91d87c5d5a1ac3ea4e6a6daf833d  encodings-1.0.7.tar.xz
79f4c023e27d1db1dfd90d041ce89835  font-alias-1.0.5.tar.xz
546d17feab30d4e3abcf332b454f58ed  font-adobe-utopia-type1-1.0.5.tar.xz
063bfa1456c8a68208bf96a33f472bb1  font-bh-ttf-1.0.4.tar.xz
51a17c981275439b85e15430a3d711ee  font-bh-type1-1.0.4.tar.xz
00f64a84b6c9886040241e081347a853  font-ibm-type1-1.0.4.tar.xz
fe972eaf13176fa9aa7e74a12ecc801a  font-misc-ethiopic-1.0.5.tar.xz
3b47fed2c032af3a32aad9acc1d25150  font-xfree86-type1-1.0.5.tar.xz

To download the needed files using wget, use the following commands:

mkdir font &&
cd font &&
grep -v '^#' ../font-7.md5 | awk '{print $2}' | wget -i- -c \
    -B https://www.x.org/pub/individual/font/ &&
md5sum -c ../font-7.md5

Installation of Xorg Fonts



When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.9.13p3 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"

export -f as_root

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

for package in $(grep -v '^#' ../font-7.md5 | awk '{print $2}')
  tar -xf $package
  pushd $packagedir
    ./configure $XORG_CONFIG
    as_root make install
  as_root rm -rf $packagedir

Finally, exit the shell that was started earlier:


When all of the fonts have been installed, the system must be configured so that Fontconfig can find the TrueType fonts. Since the fonts are outside of the default search path of several packages if XORG_PREFIX is not /usr, make symlinks to the Xorg TrueType font directories in /usr/share/fonts by running the following commands as the root user:

install -v -d -m755 /usr/share/fonts                               &&
ln -svfn $XORG_PREFIX/share/fonts/X11/OTF /usr/share/fonts/X11-OTF &&
ln -svfn $XORG_PREFIX/share/fonts/X11/TTF /usr/share/fonts/X11-TTF


Installed Programs: bdftruncate and ucs2any
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directories: $XORG_PREFIX/share/fonts

Short Descriptions


generates a truncated BDF font from an ISO 10646-1 encoded BDF font


generates BDF fonts in any encoding from an ISO 10646-1 encoded BDF font