Building KDE Frameworks 5 (KF5)

KDE Frameworks 5 is a collection of libraries based on top of Qt5 and QML derived from the monolithic KDE 4 libraries. They can be used independent of the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS 11.3 platform.

The instructions below build all of the KDE Frameworks packages in one step by using a bash script.

Package Information

KF5 Dependencies


Boost-1.81.0, extra-cmake-modules-5.103.0, docbook-xml-4.5, docbook-xsl-nons-1.79.2, giflib-5.2.1, libepoxy-1.5.10, libgcrypt-1.10.1, libical-3.0.16, libjpeg-turbo-, libpng-1.6.39, libxslt-1.1.37, lmdb-0.9.29, qca-2.3.5, qrencode-4.1.1, phonon-4.11.1, plasma-wayland-protocols-1.10.0, shared-mime-info-2.2, URI-5.17, and Wget-1.21.3 (required to download the packages)



BlueZ-5.66 (needed to build Bluez-Qt), ModemManager-1.18.12 (needed to build ModemManager-Qt), Datamatrix (deemed recommended for Prison by upstream)

Runtime dependency for FrameworkIntegration

Oxygen fonts and Noto fonts

Additional recommended dependencies for kapidox

Additional image formats support in KImageFormats

JasPer-4.0.0 and OpenEXR

Optional dependencies for KIO

MIT Kerberos V5-1.20.1

Optional dependencies for Solid

UDisks-2.9.4, UPower-1.90.0 and media-player-info (runtime)

Optional dependency for KWallet

GPGME-1.18.0, built with C++ bindings (which is the default).

Optional dictionary backends for Sonnet

Hspell and Hunspell

User Notes:

Downloading KDE Frameworks

The easiest way to get the KDE Frameworks packages is to use a single wget to fetch them all at once:

wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url

The options used here are:
  -r            recurse through child directories
  -nH           disable generation of host-prefixed directories
  -nd           do not create a hierarchy of directories
  -A '*.xz'     just get the *.xz files
  -np           don't get parent directories

Setting Package Order

The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies. Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:

cat > frameworks-5.103.0.md5 << "EOF"
0a7b74df0877363cd2316c906e0694d5  attica-5.103.0.tar.xz
#ac7d7a883f8ecd2dab262a284981ad64  extra-cmake-modules-5.103.0.tar.xz
8588714c201f53bb20bc102a18c4f532  kapidox-5.103.0.tar.xz
59595c4bec0668230f4946db7214b52b  karchive-5.103.0.tar.xz
05e65495011a67947dfb2069fb3d535a  kcodecs-5.103.0.tar.xz
a8347f5ca9166c92617f83214beb652e  kconfig-5.103.0.tar.xz
2ab7a86490e7fbfd343d025186f216b0  kcoreaddons-5.103.0.tar.xz
4427e875afe3cd04b5715ec3bda26095  kdbusaddons-5.103.0.tar.xz
46fc8742d1ba4240c8552ac0d63faefc  kdnssd-5.103.0.tar.xz
1b0bc7da24e0475f105bad5d3c9bc465  kguiaddons-5.103.0.tar.xz
107b2cb6129ae111430659f9c55c6d6f  ki18n-5.103.0.tar.xz
d4f38229dd9d49a043ab630eb9a9a302  kidletime-5.103.0.tar.xz
d3b193a9d8c6f93186cf7ac8c888a3db  kimageformats-5.103.0.tar.xz
0f8cd4d3717ede9c56bce44ae095af67  kitemmodels-5.103.0.tar.xz
14f36528bb5441a692c7a97afaa2400c  kitemviews-5.103.0.tar.xz
763886cdcf3447e447a9418a0b5c867a  kplotting-5.103.0.tar.xz
a4e41e13aff26d5010d3a97852fb8342  kwidgetsaddons-5.103.0.tar.xz
8bf107f2ab437d4bbfdbe51ecbde43ae  kwindowsystem-5.103.0.tar.xz
2dff80cd51ffedcbd8626c533083f656  networkmanager-qt-5.103.0.tar.xz
65d98a483c5d3cbf5c8806c61e0241a9  solid-5.103.0.tar.xz
791b983979fe0c370429f35c62c2165b  sonnet-5.103.0.tar.xz
f6322ae074c4acdbc6e0396a93ce1eaa  threadweaver-5.103.0.tar.xz
6d28e58c5f1683063ad03dff6019cad3  kauth-5.103.0.tar.xz
a5b50adcd5ab994a2c9f51b745982672  kcompletion-5.103.0.tar.xz
50ed3e4f8f7534df5c57abda5c47559b  kcrash-5.103.0.tar.xz
283cdd8aba82a3f3c30fd5be85ed88b7  kdoctools-5.103.0.tar.xz
5a919ad09e721cfc2f631955b9ada6ae  kpty-5.103.0.tar.xz
8dd1fa39b1eca8563e6fb71a3bb2008e  kunitconversion-5.103.0.tar.xz
6a5b65a200747ac103f67ae903783757  kconfigwidgets-5.103.0.tar.xz
5e13babdfe4d58802331bdd21c469c55  kservice-5.103.0.tar.xz
99a74ee689e17751283a5af3194d7a55  kglobalaccel-5.103.0.tar.xz
e0efb5adb522325ebce49225584d16c7  kpackage-5.103.0.tar.xz
fed250966122f46b339ed5de4ca459a2  kdesu-5.103.0.tar.xz
e04acd0fc6e2702aa7c16b219603cdfa  kemoticons-5.103.0.tar.xz
bf0a9ec942b90a10386296ff716131dc  kiconthemes-5.103.0.tar.xz
1a7b5a3f3726b4cde11cb51b7c4d0f1e  kjobwidgets-5.103.0.tar.xz
a243f74fcae890ef7fbe4184a2cf7e05  knotifications-5.103.0.tar.xz
f644d4c8d27b67a3677fa23da532c514  ktextwidgets-5.103.0.tar.xz
9503487754af910a9e92f281d656acaa  kxmlgui-5.103.0.tar.xz
437e063410b1e740137d5e35c290a23e  kbookmarks-5.103.0.tar.xz
2d61f4f1421e025280438e0e1aa9f5e3  kwallet-5.103.0.tar.xz
bf91ba7c557268d302075b1d631e380c  kded-5.103.0.tar.xz
79dfc2d0657721dfb08991881dbde8a7  kio-5.103.0.tar.xz
ec12c7e1218f15c8b5a71277e83036e5  kdeclarative-5.103.0.tar.xz
da08e26fda501c382c1f2a5b40e6485d  kcmutils-5.103.0.tar.xz
bab6ca86a6d23f887536c080afa45a0c  kirigami2-5.103.0.tar.xz
c1398c8db035d559d07ce898a7219acc  syndication-5.103.0.tar.xz
1a405c48d435139c9e727bf124e5f038  knewstuff-5.103.0.tar.xz
829ac5e9cabd62189cd76ed3c894c707  frameworkintegration-5.103.0.tar.xz
43bb956b064091dff8f45a6840f53303  kinit-5.103.0.tar.xz
b25162d470f74445ca56128cac45e947  kparts-5.103.0.tar.xz
239889fc943eff526988f7c2720287d5  kactivities-5.103.0.tar.xz
#2b4832c41d364558e6d9b7065f0c4f39  kdewebkit-5.103.0.tar.xz
2126884ac8f908c4f8419675bd93e0c8  syntax-highlighting-5.103.0.tar.xz
fac3a6fc429a035979721b7424d05510  ktexteditor-5.103.0.tar.xz
f5707c6f02628db06093590de71cd321  kdesignerplugin-5.103.0.tar.xz
461d95ec8fa798c571321535f09b4c0f  kwayland-5.103.0.tar.xz
05213caf6c79942d888a8b12cea44329  plasma-framework-5.103.0.tar.xz
#51ad29be12b17417f384d67f76a5d1bd  modemmanager-qt-5.103.0.tar.xz
a1088a560a040c2dcfd554954a95069e  kpeople-5.103.0.tar.xz
a7dc8537a1ff824dac365eb14102d2c8  kxmlrpcclient-5.103.0.tar.xz
c637be6d9858f5ac7409f1b8fc726b45  bluez-qt-5.103.0.tar.xz
3bbbd6892b1abdfa1d4b0834e0846fea  kfilemetadata-5.103.0.tar.xz
4fec6b1553930567e729f1d65b941562  baloo-5.103.0.tar.xz
#60d0eadf3f9c87ee652e024d9623c551  breeze-icons-5.103.0.tar.xz
#951ccb7eb477b299712d16cc3eac354b  oxygen-icons5-5.103.0.tar.xz
34b4591e9df8d79c63d2a6eca5bcfe05  kactivities-stats-5.103.0.tar.xz
10447582aa0666d05d62431704f19b1c  krunner-5.103.0.tar.xz
ea4d0179cc74415c7a6d76f09209222e  prison-5.103.0.tar.xz
c5c910fd595bfd611ac8c4bda27ef652  qqc2-desktop-style-5.103.0.tar.xz
5b31937451c3300d4fc9d18d778e24a7  kjs-5.103.0.tar.xz
ca4de0327db13b3429ba9f3b721b4589  kdelibs4support-5.103.0.tar.xz
1263327a22ed1140b1029ad1b32c8531  khtml-5.103.0.tar.xz
01de79fa8e6e362c9af069fc29105d49  kjsembed-5.103.0.tar.xz
f0433658ef15bf36535565568269a118  kmediaplayer-5.103.0.tar.xz
8cea7e16ca6642b82d92de3d1ed4357f  kross-5.103.0.tar.xz
a70e20a82b9a92207907ed5a1f18ee44  kholidays-5.103.0.tar.xz
7b2ca5d2533594bb6183ff3557519b61  purpose-5.103.0.tar.xz
1b6f998185b59a55e0af5ff04ef8e039  kcalendarcore-5.103.0.tar.xz
e42e4b12faf2bec456780e1c67e4c79c  kcontacts-5.103.0.tar.xz
4a42631cfabeefeb6b6c1eef4bc210bc  kquickcharts-5.103.0.tar.xz
262cb6025c5f7d344463d6eea69b1ef3  knotifyconfig-5.103.0.tar.xz
4b3c77407fbfafaaf6cbdfa7d1340942  kdav-5.103.0.tar.xz

In the above list, notice that some files have been commented out with a hash (#) character. The extra-cmake-modules entry has been commented out because it was built earlier in the Introduction to KDE. The icon packages are covered separately at breeze-icons-5.103.0 and oxygen-icons5-5.103.0. The modemmanager-qt package may be built if its optional dependency has been installed. The kdewebkit may be built if the external package QtWebkit has been built.

Installation of KDE Frameworks



When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.9.13p1 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"

export -f as_root


If installing in /opt and there is an existing /opt/kf5 either as a regular directory or a symbolic link, it should be reinitialized (as root):

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5.old                         &&
install -v -dm755           $KF5_PREFIX/{etc,share} &&
ln -sfv /etc/dbus-1         $KF5_PREFIX/etc         &&
ln -sfv /usr/share/dbus-1   $KF5_PREFIX/share       &&
ln -sfv /usr/share/polkit-1 $KF5_PREFIX/share

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

while read -r line; do

    # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
    if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
    file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)

    pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||')          # Remove directory
    packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory

    name=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|-5.*$||') # Isolate package name

    tar -xf $file
    pushd $packagedir

      # kapidox is a python module
      case $name in
          pip3 wheel -w dist --no-build-isolation --no-deps $PWD
          as_root pip3 install --no-index --find-links dist --no-cache-dir --no-user kapidox
          rm -rf $packagedir

      mkdir build
      cd    build

            -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR        \
            -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release         \
            -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF                \
            -Wno-dev ..
      as_root make install

  as_root rm -rf $packagedir
  as_root /sbin/ldconfig

done < frameworks-5.103.0.md5



Any modules that have been omitted can be installed later by using the same mkdir build; cd build; cmake; make; make install procedure as above.

Useless systemd units have been installed in $KF5_PREFIX/lib. Remove them now (as root):

rm -rf $KF5_PREFIX/lib/systemd

Sometimes the installation paths are hardcoded into installed files. If the installed directory is not /usr, rename the directory and create a symlink:

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5-5.103.0
ln -sfvn kf5-5.103.0 /opt/kf5

Command Explanations

-DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR: This switch is used to allow cmake to find the proper Qt libraries.

-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release: This switch is used to apply higher level of the compiler optimizations.

-DBUILD_TESTING=OFF: This switch is used to prevent building test programs and libraries that are of no use to an end user.


Installed Programs: balooctl, baloo_file, baloo_file_extractor, baloosearch, balooshow, checkXML5, depdiagram-generate, depdiagram-generate-all, depdiagram-prepare, desktoptojson, gentrigrams, kactivities-cli, kapidox_generate, kate-syntax-highlighter, kbuildsycoca5, kcookiejar5, kdebugdialog5, kded5, kdeinit5, kdeinit5_shutdown, kdeinit5_wrapper, kf5-config, kf5kross, kgendesignerplugin, kglobalaccel5, kiconfinder5, kjs5, kjscmd5, kjsconsole, knewstuff-dialog, kpackagelauncherqml, kpackagetool5, kquitapp5, kreadconfig5, kshell5, ktelnetservice5, ktrash5, kwalletd5, kwallet-query, kwrapper5, kwriteconfig5, meinproc5, parsetrigrams, plasmapkg2, preparetips5, protocoltojson, and solid-hardware5
Installed Libraries:,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, and
Installed Directories: /opt/kf5 (symlink to /opt/kf5-5.103.0) if installing in /opt

Short Descriptions


is a tool to check for syntax errors in KDE DocBook XML files


is a tool to generate a dependency diagram


is a tool to generate a dependency diagram for all frameworks at once


is a tool to prepare dot files


is a tool to convert a .desktop file to a .json file


rebuilds the KService desktop file system configuration cache


is a command line interface to the HTTP cookie store used by KDE, a D-BUS service to store/retrieve/clean cookies


consolidates several small services in one process


is a process launcher somewhat similar to the famous init used for booting UNIX


is a command line program used to retrieve information about KDE installation or user paths


executes kross scripts written in KDE Javascript, Python, Ruby, Java and Falcon


generates widget plugins for Qt(TM) Designer


is a daemon use to register the key bindings and for getting notified when the action triggered


is KDE ECMAScript/JavaScript engine


is a tool for launching KJSEmbed scripts from the command line


is a console for kjs5


is a commandline tool for launching kpackage QML application


is a command line kpackage tool


is a command line tool to retrieve values from KDE configuration files


start applications via kdeinit


is a telnet service


is a helper program to handle the KDE trash can


is the wallet manager daemon


is a command line tool to write values in KDE configuration files


converts DocBook files to HTML


is a tool to install, list, remove Plasma packages


is a script to extract the text from a tips file


is a command line tool to investigate available devices