Introduction to Git

Git is a free and open source, distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. Every Git clone is a full-fledged repository with complete history and full revision tracking capabilities, not dependent on network access or a central server. Branching and merging are fast and easy to do. Git is used for version control of files, much like tools such as Mercurial, Bazaar, Subversion-1.8.11, CVS-1.11.23, Perforce, and Team Foundation Server.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.7 platform.

Package Information

Additional Downloads

Git Dependencies



PCRE-8.36, Subversion-1.8.11 with Perl bindings (for git svn), and Tk-8.6.3 (gitk, a simple Git repository viewer, uses Tk at runtime)

Optional (to create the man pages and html docs)

xmlto-0.0.26 and AsciiDoc or AsciiDoctor

User Notes:

Installation of Git

Install Git by running the following commands:

./configure --prefix=/usr --with-gitconfig=/etc/gitconfig &&

You can build the man pages and/or html docs, or use downloaded ones. If you choose to build them, use next two following instructions.

If you have installed AsciiDoc you can create the html version of the man pages and other docs:

make html

If you have installed AsciiDoc and xmlto-0.0.26 you can create the man pages:

make man

The test suite can be run in parallel mode. To run the test suite, issue: make test.

Now, as the root user:

make install

If you created the man pages and/or html docs

Install the man pages as root user:

make install-man

Install the html docs as root user:

make htmldir=/usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0 install-html

If you downloaded the man pages and/or html docs

If you downloaded the man pages untar them as the root user:

tar -xf ../git-manpages-2.3.0.tar.xz \
    -C /usr/share/man --no-same-owner --no-overwrite-dir

If you downloaded the html docs untar them as the root user:

mkdir -vp   /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0 &&
tar   -xf   ../git-htmldocs-2.3.0.tar.xz \
      -C    /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0 --no-same-owner --no-overwrite-dir &&

find        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0 -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; &&
find        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0 -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;

Reorganize man pages and/or html docs (both methods)

For both methods, reorganize the files, as root user:

mkdir -vp /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/man-pages/{html,text}         &&
mv        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/{git*.txt,man-pages/text}     &&
mv        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/{git*.,index.,man-pages/}html &&

mkdir -vp /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/technical/{html,text}         &&
mv        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/technical/{*.txt,text}        &&
mv        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/technical/{*.,}html           &&

mkdir -vp /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/howto/{html,text}             &&
mv        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/howto/{*.txt,text}            &&
mv        /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0/howto/{*.,}html

Command Explanations

--with-gitconfig=/etc/gitconfig: This sets /etc/gitconfig as the file that stores the default, system wide, Git settings.

--without-python: Use this switch if Python is not installed.

--with-libpcre: Use this switch if PCRE is installed.

tar -xf ../git-manpages-2.3.0.tar.gz -C /usr/share/man --no-same-owner: This untars git-manpages-2.3.0.tar.gz. The -C option makes tar change directory to /usr/share/man before it starts to decompress the docs. The --no-same-owner option stops tar from preserving the user and group details of the files. This is useful as that user or group may not exist on your system; this could (potentially) be a security risk.

mv /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0 ...: These commands move some of the files into subfolders to make it easier to sort through the docs and find what you're looking for.

find ... chmod ...: These commands correct the permissions in the shipped documentation tar file.

Configuring Git

Config Files

~/.gitconfig and /etc/gitconfig


Installed Programs: git, git-receive-pack and git-upload-archive (hardlinked to each other), git-shell, git-cvsserver, git-upload-pack, and gitk
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directories: /usr/libexec/git-core, /usr/share/doc/git-2.3.0, /usr/share/git-core, /usr/share/git-gui, /usr/share/gitk, /usr/share/gitweb, /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/<5.x.y>/Git and /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/<5.x.y>/<arch-linux>/auto/Git

Short Descriptions


is the stupid content tracker.


is a CVS server emulator for Git.


is a graphical Git repository browser (needs Tk-8.6.3).


is invoked by git send-pack and updates the repository with the information fed from the remote end.


is a login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git access.


is invoked by git archive --remote and sends a generated archive to the other end over the git protocol.


is invoked by git fetch-pack, it discovers what objects the other side is missing, and sends them after packing.

Last updated on 2015-02-22 15:39:41 -0800