Introduction to Mesa

Mesa is an OpenGL compatible 3D graphics library.



Mesa is updated relatively often. You may want to use the latest available 22.1.x mesa version.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-11.2 platform.

Package Information

Additional Downloads

Mesa Dependencies


Xorg Libraries, libdrm-2.4.112, and Mako-1.2.1



libgcrypt-1.10.1, libunwind-1.6.2, lm-sensors-3-6-0 , Nettle-3.8.1, Valgrind-3.19.0, mesa-demos (provides more than 300 extra demos to test Mesa; this includes the same programs added by the patch above), Bellagio OpenMAX Integration Layer (for mobile platforms), libtizonia, and libvulkan

User Notes:

Installation of Mesa

If you have downloaded the xdemos patch (needed if testing the Xorg installation per BLFS instructions), apply it by running the following command:

patch -Np1 -i ../mesa-22.1.7-add_xdemos-1.patch

Install Mesa by running the following commands:

mkdir build &&
cd    build &&

meson --prefix=$XORG_PREFIX   \
      --buildtype=release     \
      -Dplatforms=x11,wayland \
      -Dgallium-drivers=auto  \
      -Dglx=dri               \
      -Dvalgrind=disabled     \
      -Dlibunwind=disabled    \
      ..                      &&


If you built the tests (see 'Command Explanations'), to run them issue: ninja test.

Now, as the root user:

ninja install

If desired, install the optional documentation by running the following commands as the root user:

install -v -dm755 /usr/share/doc/mesa-22.1.7 &&
cp -rfv ../docs/* /usr/share/doc/mesa-22.1.7

Command Explanations

--buildtype=release: This switch ensures a fully-optimized build, and disables debug assertions which will severely slow down the libraries in certain use-cases. Without this switch, build sizes can span into the 2GB range.

-Dgallium-drivers="...": This parameter controls which Gallium3D drivers should be built.

-Dplatforms="...": This parameter controls which windowing systems will be supported. Available linux platforms are x11 and wayland.

-Degl-native-platform="...": This parameter controls which Embedded Graphics Library support will be built. Available linux options are auto (default), x11, wayland, surfaceless, and drm.

-Dvalgrind=disabled: This parameter disables the usage of Valgrind during the build process. Remove this parameter if you have Valgrind installed, and wish to check for memory leaks.

-Dlibunwind=disabled: This parameter disables the usage of libunwind.

-Dbuild-tests=true: This switch will cause the test code to be enabled.

-Dvulkan-drivers=...: This switch allows choosing which Vulkan drivers are built. Since BLFS does not use Vulkan, it is safe to leave the list of Vulkan drivers empty. The default is auto.


Installed Programs: glxgears and glxinfo
Installed Libraries:,,,,,,,,,,, and
Installed Drivers:,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, and (Many of these drivers are hard-linked).
Installed Directories: $XORG_PREFIX/{include/{EGL,GL,GLES,GLES2,GLES3,KHR}, $XORG_PREFIX/lib/{dri,vdpau}}, $XORG_PREFIX/share/drirc.d (contains workarounds for various applications, particularly browsers and games), $XORG_PREFIX/share/vulkan, and /usr/share/doc/mesa-22.1.7

Short Descriptions


is a GL demo useful for troubleshooting graphics problems


is a diagnostic program that displays information about the graphics hardware and installed GL libraries

provides a native platform graphics interface as defined by the EGL-1.4 specification

is the Mesa Graphics Buffer Manager library

is the Mesa OpenGL ES 1.1 library

is the Mesa OpenGL ES 2.0 library

is the main Mesa OpenGL library