6.57. Vim-7.0

The Vim package contains a powerful text editor.

Approximate build time: 0.4 SBU
Required disk space: 47.4 MB

Alternatives to Vim

If you prefer another editor—such as Emacs, Joe, or Nano—please refer to http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/svn/postlfs/editors.html for suggested installation instructions.

6.57.1. Installation of Vim

First, unpack both vim-7.0.tar.bz2 and (optionally) vim-7.0-lang.tar.gz archives into the same directory. Then, patch Vim with several fixes from upstream developers since the initial release of Vim-7.0:

patch -Np1 -i ../vim-7.0-fixes-7.patch

This version of Vim installs translated man pages and places them into directories that will not be searched by Man-DB. Patch Vim so that it installs its man pages into searchable directories and ultimately allows Man-DB to transcode the page into the desired format at run-time:

patch -Np1 -i ../vim-7.0-mandir-1.patch

There is an issue introduced by one of the upstream patches that creates a problem downloading spellfiles via HTTP. Until this is updated by the developers, the following patch fixes the problem:

patch -Np1 -i ../vim-7.0-spellfile-1.patch

Finally, change the default location of the vimrc configuration file to /etc:

echo '#define SYS_VIMRC_FILE "/etc/vimrc"' >> src/feature.h

Now prepare Vim for compilation:

./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-multibyte

The meaning of the configure options:


This switch enables support for editing files in multibyte character encodings. This is needed if using a locale with a multibyte character set. This switch is also helpful to be able to edit text files initially created in Linux distributions like Fedora Core that use UTF-8 as a default character set.

Compile the package:


To test the results, issue: make test. However, this test suite outputs a lot of binary data to the screen, which can cause issues with the settings of the current terminal. This can be resolved by redirecting the output to a log file.

Install the package:

make install

In UTF-8 locales, the vimtutor program tries to convert the tutorials from ISO-8859-1 to UTF-8. Since some tutorials are not in ISO-8859-1, the text in them is thus made unreadable. If you unpacked the vim-7.0-lang.tar.gz archive and are going to use a UTF-8 based locale, remove non-ISO-8859-1 tutorials. An English tutorial will be used instead.

rm -f /usr/share/vim/vim70/tutor/tutor.{gr,pl,ru,sk}
rm -f /usr/share/vim/vim70/tutor/tutor.??.*

Many users are used to using vi instead of vim. To allow execution of vim when users habitually enter vi, create a symlink for both the binary and the man page in the provided languages:

ln -sv vim /usr/bin/vi
for L in "" fr it pl ru; do
    ln -sv vim.1 /usr/share/man/$L/man1/vi.1

By default, Vim's documentation is installed in /usr/share/vim. The following symlink allows the documentation to be accessed via /usr/share/doc/vim-7.0, making it consistent with the location of documentation for other packages:

ln -sv ../vim/vim70/doc /usr/share/doc/vim-7.0

If an X Window System is going to be installed on the LFS system, it may be necessary to recompile Vim after installing X. Vim comes with a GUI version of the editor that requires X and some additional libraries to be installed. For more information on this process, refer to the Vim documentation and the Vim installation page in the BLFS book at http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/svn/postlfs/editors.html#postlfs-editors-vim.

6.57.2. Configuring Vim

By default, vim runs in vi-incompatible mode. This may be new to users who have used other editors in the past. The “nocompatible” setting is included below to highlight the fact that a new behavior is being used. It also reminds those who would change to “compatible” mode that it should be the first setting in the configuration file. This is necessary because it changes other settings, and overrides must come after this setting. Create a default vim configuration file by running the following:

cat > /etc/vimrc << "EOF"
" Begin /etc/vimrc

set nocompatible
set backspace=2
syntax on
if (&term == "iterm") || (&term == "putty")
  set background=dark

" End /etc/vimrc

The set nocompatible makes vim behave in a more useful way (the default) than the vi-compatible manner. Remove the “no” to keep the old vi behavior. The set backspace=2 allows backspacing over line breaks, autoindents, and the start of insert. The syntax on enables vim's syntax highlighting. Finally, the if statement with the set background=dark corrects vim's guess about the background color of some terminal emulators. This gives the highlighting a better color scheme for use on the black background of these programs.

Documentation for other available options can be obtained by running the following command:

vim -c ':options'


By default, Vim only installs spell files for the English language. To install spell files for your preferred language, download the *.spl and optionally, the *.sug files for your language and character encoding from ftp://ftp.vim.org/pub/vim/runtime/spell/ and and save them to /usr/share/vim/vim70/spell/.

To use these spell files, some configuration in /etc/vimrc is needed, e.g.:

set spelllang=en,ru
set spell

For more information, see the appropriate README file located at the the URL above.

6.57.3. Contents of Vim

Installed programs: efm_filter.pl, efm_perl.pl, ex (link to vim), less.sh, mve.awk, pltags.pl, ref, rview (link to vim), rvim (link to vim), shtags.pl, tcltags, vi (link to vim), view (link to vim), vim, vim132, vim2html.pl, vimdiff (link to vim), vimm, vimspell.sh, vimtutor, and xxd

Short Descriptions


A filter for creating an error file that can be read by vim


Reformats the error messages of the Perl interpreter for use with the “quickfix” mode of vim


Starts vim in ex mode


A script that starts vim with less.vim


Processes vim errors


Creates a tags file for Perl code for use by vim


Checks the spelling of arguments


Is a restricted version of view; no shell commands can be started and view cannot be suspended


Is a restricted version of vim; no shell commands can be started and vim cannot be suspended


Generates a tags file for Perl scripts


Generates a tags file for TCL code


Starts vim in read-only mode


Link to vim


Is the editor


Starts vim with the terminal in 132-column mode


Converts Vim documentation to HypterText Markup Language (HTML)


Edits two or three versions of a file with vim and show differences


Enables the DEC locator input model on a remote terminal


Spell checks a file and generates the syntax statements necessary to highlight in vim. This script requires the old Unix spell command, which is provided neither in LFS nor in BLFS


Teaches the basic keys and commands of vim


Creates a hex dump of the given file; it can also do the reverse, so it can be used for binary patching