Xorg Applications

Introduction to Xorg Applications

The Xorg applications provide the expected applications available in previous X Window implementations.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-8.3 platform.

Package Information

Xorg Applications Dependencies

Required

libpng-1.6.36, Mesa-18.3.1, xbitmaps-1.1.2, and xcb-util-0.4.0

Optional

Linux-PAM-1.3.0 and both cairo-5c and Nickle (only if you wish to try to run the undocumented xkeyhost script).

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/Xorg7Applications

Downloading Xorg Applications

First, create a list of files to be downloaded. This file will also be used to verify the integrity of the downloads when complete:

cat > app-7.md5 << "EOF"
3b9b79fa0f9928161f4bad94273de7ae  iceauth-1.0.8.tar.bz2
c4a3664e08e5a47c120ff9263ee2f20c  luit-1.1.1.tar.bz2
18c429148c96c2079edda922a2b67632  mkfontdir-1.0.7.tar.bz2
987c438e79f5ddb84a9c5726a1610819  mkfontscale-1.1.3.tar.bz2
e475167a892b589da23edf8edf8c942d  sessreg-1.1.1.tar.bz2
2c47a1b8e268df73963c4eb2316b1a89  setxkbmap-1.3.1.tar.bz2
3a93d9f0859de5d8b65a68a125d48f6a  smproxy-1.0.6.tar.bz2
f0b24e4d8beb622a419e8431e1c03cd7  x11perf-1.6.0.tar.bz2
f3f76cb10f69b571c43893ea6a634aa4  xauth-1.0.10.tar.bz2
d50cf135af04436b9456a5ab7dcf7971  xbacklight-1.2.2.tar.bz2
9956d751ea3ae4538c3ebd07f70736a0  xcmsdb-1.0.5.tar.bz2
b58a87e6cd7145c70346adad551dba48  xcursorgen-1.0.6.tar.bz2
8809037bd48599af55dad81c508b6b39  xdpyinfo-1.3.2.tar.bz2
480e63cd365f03eb2515a6527d5f4ca6  xdriinfo-1.0.6.tar.bz2
249bdde90f01c0d861af52dc8fec379e  xev-1.2.2.tar.bz2
90b4305157c2b966d5180e2ee61262be  xgamma-1.0.6.tar.bz2
f5d490738b148cb7f2fe760f40f92516  xhost-1.0.7.tar.bz2
6a889412eff2e3c1c6bb19146f6fe84c  xinput-1.6.2.tar.bz2
12610df19df2af3797f2c130ee2bce97  xkbcomp-1.4.2.tar.bz2
c747faf1f78f5a5962419f8bdd066501  xkbevd-1.1.4.tar.bz2
502b14843f610af977dffc6cbf2102d5  xkbutils-1.0.4.tar.bz2
938177e4472c346cf031c1aefd8934fc  xkill-1.0.5.tar.bz2
5dcb6e6c4b28c8d7aeb45257f5a72a7d  xlsatoms-1.1.2.tar.bz2
4fa92377e0ddc137cd226a7a87b6b29a  xlsclients-1.1.4.tar.bz2
e50ffae17eeb3943079620cb78f5ce0b  xmessage-1.0.5.tar.bz2
723f02d3a5f98450554556205f0a9497  xmodmap-1.0.9.tar.bz2
eaac255076ea351fd08d76025788d9f9  xpr-1.0.5.tar.bz2
4becb3ddc4674d741487189e4ce3d0b6  xprop-1.2.3.tar.bz2
ebffac98021b8f1dc71da0c1918e9b57  xrandr-1.5.0.tar.bz2
96f9423eab4d0641c70848d665737d2e  xrdb-1.1.1.tar.bz2
c56fa4adbeed1ee5173f464a4c4a61a6  xrefresh-1.0.6.tar.bz2
70ea7bc7bacf1a124b1692605883f620  xset-1.2.4.tar.bz2
5fe769c8777a6e873ed1305e4ce2c353  xsetroot-1.1.2.tar.bz2
558360176b718dee3c39bc0648c0d10c  xvinfo-1.1.3.tar.bz2
11794a8eba6d295a192a8975287fd947  xwd-1.0.7.tar.bz2
9a505b91ae7160bbdec360968d060c83  xwininfo-1.1.4.tar.bz2
79972093bb0766fcd0223b2bd6d11932  xwud-1.0.5.tar.bz2
EOF

To download the needed files using wget, use the following commands:

mkdir app &&
cd app &&
grep -v '^#' ../app-7.md5 | awk '{print $2}' | wget -i- -c \
    -B https://www.x.org/pub/individual/app/ &&
md5sum -c ../app-7.md5

Installation of Xorg Applications

[Note]

Note

When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.8.26 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

as_root()
{
  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"
  fi
}

export -f as_root

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

for package in $(grep -v '^#' ../app-7.md5 | awk '{print $2}')
do
  packagedir=${package%.tar.bz2}
  tar -xf $package
  pushd $packagedir
     case $packagedir in
       luit-[0-9]* )
         sed -i -e "/D_XOPEN/s/5/6/" configure
       ;;
     esac

     ./configure $XORG_CONFIG
     make
     as_root make install
  popd
  rm -rf $packagedir
done

Finally, exit the shell that was started earlier:

exit

Unless you installed the optional dependencies, remove an undocumented script which is reported to be broken (xkeystone provided by the xrandr package).

as_root rm -f $XORG_PREFIX/bin/xkeystone

Contents

Installed Programs: iceauth, luit, mkfontdir, mkfontscale, sessreg, setxkbmap, smproxy, x11perf, x11perfcomp, xauth, xbacklight, xcmsdb, xcursorgen, xdpr, xdpyinfo, xdriinfo, xev, xgamma, xhost, xinput, xkbbell, xkbcomp, xkbevd, xkbvleds, xkbwatch, xkill, xlsatoms, xlsclients, xmessage, xmodmap, xpr, xprop, xrandr, xrdb, xrefresh, xset, xsetroot, xvinfo, xwd, xwininfo, and xwud
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directories: None

Short Descriptions

iceauth

is the ICE authority file utility.

luit

provides locale and ISO 2022 support for Unicode terminals.

mkfontdir

creates an index of X font files in a directory.

mkfontscale

creates an index of scalable font files for X.

sessreg

manages utmp/wtmp entries for non-init clients.

setxkbmap

sets the keyboard using the X Keyboard Extension.

smproxy

is the Session Manager Proxy.

x11perf

is an X11 server performance test program.

x11perfcomp

is an X11 server performance comparison program.

xauth

is the X authority file utility.

xbacklight

adjusts backlight brightness using RandR extension.

xcmsdb

is the Device Color Characterization utility for the X Color Management System.

xcursorgen

creates an X cursor file from a collection of PNG images.

xdpr

dumps an X window directly to a printer.

xdpyinfo

is a display information utility for X.

xdriinfo

queries configuration information of DRI drivers.

xev

prints contents of X events.

xgamma

alters a monitor's gamma correction through the X server.

xhost

is a server access control program for X.

xinput

is a utility to configure and test X input devices.

xkbbell

is an XKB utility program that raises a bell event.

xkbcomp

compiles an XKB keyboard description.

xkbevd

is the XKB event daemon.

xkbvleds

shows the XKB status of keyboard LEDs.

xkbwatch

monitors modifier keys and LEDs.

xkill

kills a client by its X resource.

xlsatoms

lists interned atoms defined on the server.

xlsclients

lists client applications running on a display.

xmessage

displays a message or query in a window.

xmodmap

is a utility for modifying keymaps and pointer button mappings in X.

xpr

prints an X window dump.

xprop

is a property displayer for X.

xrandr

is a primitive command line interface to RandR extension.

xrdb

is the X server resource database utility.

xrefresh

refreshes all or part of an X screen.

xset

is the user preference utility for X.

xsetroot

is the root window parameter setting utility for X.

xvinfo

prints out X-Video extension adaptor information.

xwd

dumps an image of an X window.

xwininfo

is a window information utility for X.

xwud

is an image displayer for X.

Last updated on 2018-08-17 20:17:43 -0500