Introduction to OpenLDAP

The OpenLDAP package provides an open source implementation of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS 7.9-systemd platform.

Package Information

Additional Downloads

OpenLDAP Dependencies



ICU-56.1, Pth-2.0.7, unixODBC-2.3.4, MariaDB-10.1.12 or PostgreSQL-9.5.1 or MySQL, OpenSLP, and Berkeley DB-6.1.26 (not recommended by the developers)

User Notes:

Installation of OpenLDAP



If you only need to install the client side ldap* binaries, corresponding man pages, libraries and header files (referred to as a “client-only” install), issue these commands instead of the following ones (no test suite available):

patch -Np1 -i ../openldap-2.4.44-consolidated-2.patch &&
autoconf &&

./configure --prefix=/usr     \
            --sysconfdir=/etc \
            --disable-static  \
            --enable-dynamic  \
            --disable-debug   \
            --disable-slapd &&

make depend &&

Then, as the root user:

make install


If upgrading from a previous installation that used Berkeley DB as the backend, you will need to dump the database(s) using the slapcat utility, relocate all files in /var/lib/openldap, change all instances of bdb to mdb in /etc/openldap/slapd.conf and any files in /etc/openldap/slapd.d, and import using the slapadd utility after the installation is completed.

There should be a dedicated user and group to take control of the slapd daemon after it is started. Issue the following commands as the root user:

groupadd -g 83 ldap &&
useradd  -c "OpenLDAP Daemon Owner" \
         -d /var/lib/openldap -u 83 \
         -g ldap -s /bin/false ldap

Install OpenLDAP by running the following commands:

patch -Np1 -i ../openldap-2.4.44-consolidated-2.patch &&
autoconf &&

./configure --prefix=/usr         \
            --sysconfdir=/etc     \
            --localstatedir=/var  \
            --libexecdir=/usr/lib \
            --disable-static      \
            --disable-debug       \
            --with-tls=openssl    \
            --with-cyrus-sasl     \
            --enable-dynamic      \
            --enable-crypt        \
            --enable-spasswd      \
            --enable-slapd        \
            --enable-modules      \
            --enable-backends=mod \
            --disable-ndb         \
            --disable-sql         \
            --disable-shell       \
            --disable-bdb         \
            --disable-hdb         \
            --enable-overlays=mod &&

make depend &&

The tests appear to be fragile. Errors may cause the tests to abort prior to finishing, apparently due to timing issues. The tests take about 65 minutes and are processor independent. To test the results, issue: make test.

Now, as the root user:

make install &&

install -v -dm700 -o ldap -g ldap /var/lib/openldap     &&

install -v -dm700 -o ldap -g ldap /etc/openldap/slapd.d &&
chmod   -v    640     /etc/openldap/slapd.{conf,ldif}   &&
chown   -v  root:ldap /etc/openldap/slapd.{conf,ldif}   &&

install -v -dm755 /usr/share/doc/openldap-2.4.44 &&
cp      -vfr      doc/{drafts,rfc,guide} \

Command Explanations

--disable-static: This switch prevents installation of static versions of the libraries.

--disable-debug: This switch disables the debugging code in OpenLDAP.

--enable-dynamic: This switch forces the OpenLDAP libraries to be dynamically linked to the executable programs.

--enable-crypt: This switch enables using of crypt(3) passwords.

--enable-spasswd: This switch enables SASL password verification.

--enable-modules: This switch enables dynamic module support.

--enable-rlookups: This switch enables reverse lookups of client hostnames.

--enable-backends: This switch enables all available backends.

--enable-overlays: This switch enables all available overlays.

--disable-ndb: This switch disables MySQL NDB Cluster backend which causes configure to fail if MySQL is present.

--disable-sql: This switch explicitly disables the SQL backend. Omit this switch if a SQL server is installed and you are going to use a SQL backend.

--libexecdir=/usr/lib: This switch controls where the /usr/lib/openldap directory is installed. Everything in that directory is a library, so it belongs under /usr/lib instead of /usr/libexec.

--enable-slp: This switch enables SLPv2 support. Use it if you have installed OpenSLP.



You can run ./configure --help to see if there are other switch you can pass to the configure command to enable other options or dependency packages.

install ..., chown ..., and chmod ...: Having slapd configuration files and ldap databases in /var/lib/openldap readable by anyone is a SECURITY ISSUE, especially since a file stores the admin password in PLAIN TEXT. That's why mode 640 and root:ldap ownership were used. The owner is root, so only root can modify the file, and group is ldap, so that the group which owns slapd daemon could read but not modify the file in case of a security breach.

Configuring OpenLDAP

Config Files


Configuration Information

Configuring the slapd servers can be complex. Securing the LDAP directory, especially if you are storing non-public data such as password databases, can also be a challenging task. You'll need to modify the /etc/openldap/slapd.conf and /etc/openldap/ldap.conf files to set up OpenLDAP for your particular needs.



The instructions above install an empty LDAP structure and a default /etc/openldap/slapd.conf file, which are suitable for testing the build and other packages using LDAP. Do not use them on a production server.

Resources to assist you with topics such as choosing a directory configuration, backend and database definitions, access control settings, running as a user other than root and setting a chroot environment include:

Mozilla Address Directory

By default, LDAPv2 support is disabled in the slapd.conf file. Once the database is properly set up and Mozilla is configured to use the directory, you must add allow bind_v2 to the slapd.conf file.

Systemd Units

To start the slapd daemon at boot, install the systemd unit from the blfs-systemd-units-20150310 package by running the following command as the root user:

make install-slapd


You'll need to modify the /etc/default/slapd to include the parameters needed for your specific configuration. See the slapd man page for parameter information.

Testing the Configuration

Start the LDAP server using systemctl:

systemctl start slapd

Verify access to the LDAP server with the following command:

ldapsearch -x -b '' -s base '(objectclass=*)' namingContexts

The expected result is:

# extended LDIF
# LDAPv3
# base <> with scope baseObject
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: namingContexts

namingContexts: dc=my-domain,dc=com

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 2
# numEntries: 1


Installed Programs: ldapadd, ldapcompare, ldapdelete, ldapexop, ldapmodify, ldapmodrdn, ldappasswd, ldapsearch, ldapurl, ldapwhoami, slapacl, slapadd, slapauth, slapcat, slapd, slapdn, slapindex, slappasswd, slapschema, and slaptest
Installed Libraries:,,, and several under /usr/lib/openldap
Installed Directories: /etc/openldap, /{usr,var}/lib/openldap, and /usr/share/doc/openldap-2.4.44

Short Descriptions


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and adds entries.


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and performs a compare using specified parameters.


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and deletes one or more entries.


issues the LDAP extended operation specified by oid or one of the special keywords whoami, cancel, or refresh.


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and modifies entries.


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and modifies the RDN of entries.


is a tool used to set the password of an LDAP user.


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and performs a search using specified parameters.


is a command that allows to either compose or decompose LDAP URIs.


opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and displays whoami information.


is used to check the behavior of slapd by verifying access to directory data according to the access control list directives defined in its configuration.


is used to add entries specified in LDAP Directory Interchange Format (LDIF) to an LDAP database.


is used to check the behavior of the slapd in mapping identities for authentication and authorization purposes, as specified in slapd.conf.


is used to generate an LDAP LDIF output based upon the contents of a slapd database.


is the standalone LDAP server.


checks a list of string-represented DNs based on schema syntax.


is used to regenerate slapd indexes based upon the current contents of a database.


is an OpenLDAP password utility.


is used to check schema compliance of the contents of a slapd database.


checks the sanity of the slapd.conf file.

is a set of Lightweight Basic Encoding Rules routines. These routines are used by the LDAP library routines to encode and decode LDAP protocol elements using the (slightly simplified) Basic Encoding Rules defined by LDAP. They are not normally used directly by an LDAP application program except in the handling of controls and extended operations.

supports the LDAP programs and provide functionality for other programs interacting with LDAP.

contains the functions required by the LDAP programs to produce the results from LDAP requests.

Last updated on 2016-03-21 21:40:09 -0500