Should I install XXX in
This is a question without an obvious answer for an LFS based system.
In traditional Unix systems,
usually contains files that come with the system distribution, and
/usr/local tree is free for the
local administrator to manage. The only really hard and fast rule is
that Unix distributions should not touch
/usr/local, except perhaps to create the basic
directories within it.
With Linux distributions like Red Hat, Debian, etc., a possible rule
/usr is managed by the
distribution's package system and
/usr/local is not. This way the package manager's
database knows about every file within
LFS users build their own system and so deciding where the system
ends and local files begin is not straightforward. So the choice
should be made in order to make things easier to administer. There
are several reasons for dividing files between
On a network of several machines all running LFS, or mixed LFS
and other Linux distributions,
/usr/local could be used to hold packages
that are common between all the computers in the network. It
can be NFS mounted or mirrored from a single server. Here local
indicates local to the site.
On a network of several computers all running an identical LFS
/usr/local could hold
packages that are different between the machines. In this case
local refers to the individual computers.
Even on a single computer,
/usr/local can be useful if you have several
distributions installed simultaneously, and want a place to put
packages that will be the same on all of them.
Or you might regularly rebuild your LFS, but want a place to put files that you don't want to rebuild each time. This way you can wipe the LFS file system and start from a clean partition every time without losing everything.
Some people ask why not use your own directory tree, e.g.,
/usr/site, rather than
There is nothing stopping you, many sites do make their own trees,
however it makes installing new software more difficult. Automatic
installers often look for dependencies in
and if the file it is looking for is in
/usr/site instead, the installer will probably fail
unless you specifically tell it where to look.
What is the BLFS position on this?
All of the BLFS instructions install programs in
/usr with optional instructions to install into
/opt for some specific packages.
Last updated on 2007-04-04 21:42:53 +0200