autofs-5.1.0

Introduction to Autofs

Autofs controls the operation of the automount daemons. The automount daemons automatically mount filesystems when they are accessed and unmount them after a period of inactivity. This is done based on a set of pre-configured maps.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.5 platform.

Package Information

Autofs Dependencies

Optional

libtirpc-0.2.5, nfs-utils-1.3.0, libxml2-2.9.1, MIT Kerberos V5-1.12.2, OpenLDAP-2.4.39 (client only), and Cyrus SASL-2.1.26

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/autofs

Kernel Configuration

Verify that automounter kernel support has been enabled:

File systems --->
  Kernel automounter version 4 support (also supports v3): Y or M

Optionally, enable the following options in the kernel configuration:

File systems  --->
  Network File Systems  --->
    NFS client support: Y or M
    CIFS support (advanced network filesystem, SMBFS successor): Y or M

Recompile and install the new kernel, if necessary.

Installation of Autofs

Install Autofs by running the following commands:

sed -i -e '/include.*config.h/ i #include <stdarg.h>' lib/defaults.c &&

./configure --prefix=/         \
            --with-systemd     \
            --without-openldap \
            --mandir=/usr/share/man &&
make

This package does not come with a test suite.

Now, as the root user:

make install

Command Explanations

sed ... lib/defaults.c: Fix a build problem with current headers.

--with-systemd: This switch enables installation of the bundled systemd units.

--without-openldap: This switch disables openldap if found. If openldap is desired, omit this switch. Note that openldap support in autofs requires MIT Kerberos V5-1.12.2.

Configuring Autofs

Config Files

/etc/sysconfig/autofs.conf, /etc/auto.master, /etc/auto.misc, and /etc/auto.net

Configuration Information

The installation process creates auto.master, auto.misc, auto.smb, and auto.net. Replace the auto.master file with the following commands as the root user:

mv /etc/auto.master /etc/auto.master.bak &&
cat > /etc/auto.master << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/auto.master

/media/auto  /etc/auto.misc  --ghost
#/home        /etc/auto.home

# End /etc/auto.master
EOF

This file creates a new media directory, /media/auto that will overlay any existing directory of the same name. In this example, the file, /etc/auto.misc, has a line:

cd   -fstype=iso9660,ro,nosuid,nodev :/dev/cdrom

that will mount a cdrom as /media/auto/cd if that directory is accessed. The --ghost option tells the automounter to create “ghost” versions (i.e. empty directories) of all the mount points listed in the configuration file regardless whether any of the file systems are actually mounted or not. This is very convenient and highly recommended, because it will show you the available auto-mountable file systems as existing directories, even when their file systems aren't currently mounted. Without the --ghost option, you'll have to remember the names of the directories. As soon as you try to access one of them, the directory will be created and the file system will be mounted. When the file system gets unmounted again, the directory is destroyed too, unless the --ghost option was given.

[Note]

Note

An alternative method would be to specify another automount location such as /var/lib/auto/cdrom and create a symbolic link from /media/cdrom to the automount location.

The auto.misc file must be configured to your working hardware. The loaded configuration file should load your cdrom if /dev/cdrom is active or it can be edited to match your device setup. Examples for floppies are available in the file and easily activated. Documentation for this file is available using the man 5 autofs command.

In the second line, if enabled, a user's home directory would be mounted via NFS upon login. The /etc/home.auto would need to exist and have an entry similar to:

joe  example.org:/export/home/joe

where the directory /export/home/joe is exported via NFS from the system example.org. NFS shares are covered on the next page.

This package could also be used to mount SMB shares, however that feature is not configured in these instructions. For additional configuration information, see the man pages for auto.master(5). There are also web resources such as this AUTOFS HOWTO available.

Systemd Units

To start the Autofs at boot, enable the previously installed systemd unit by running the following command as the root user:

systemctl enable autofs
[Note]

Note

You can also specify OPTIONS variable in the /etc/sysconfig/autofs file with any additional parameters that you might want to pass to the automount daemon.

Contents

Installed Program: automount
Installed Libraries: lookup_dir.so, lookup_file.so, lookup_hosts.so, lookup_ldap.so, lookup_multi.so, lookup_nisplus.so, lookup_program.so, lookup_userhome.so, lookup_yp.so, mount_afs.so, mount_autofs.so, mount_bind.so, mount_changer.so, mount_ext2.so, mount_generic.so, mount_nfs.so, parse_sun.so
Installed Directories: /lib/autofs

Short Descriptions

automount

is the daemon that performs the mounting when a request is made for the device.

Last updated on 2014-07-20 13:15:37 +0000