Building KDE Frameworks 5 (KF5)

KDE Frameworks 5 is a collection of libraries based on top of Qt5 and QML derived from the monolithic KDE 4 libraries. They can be used independent of the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-8.3 platform.

The instructions below build all of the KDE Frameworks packages in one step by using a bash script.

Package Information

KF5 Dependencies

Required

Boost-1.68.0, extra-cmake-modules-5.49.0, docbook-xml-4.5, docbook-xsl-1.79.2, giflib-5.1.4, libepoxy-1.5.2, libgcrypt-1.8.3, libjpeg-turbo-2.0.0, libpng-1.6.35, libxslt-1.1.32, lmdb-0.9.22, OpenSSL-1.0.2p Libraries, phonon-4.10.1, shared-mime-info-1.10, URI-1.74, and Wget-1.19.5 (required to download the packages)

Recommended

Optional

BlueZ-5.50 (needed to build Bluez-Qt), ModemManager-1.8.0 (needed to build ModemManager-Qt)

Runtime dependency for FrameworkIntegration

Oxygen fonts and Noto fonts

Runtime dependencies for kapidox

Doxygen-1.8.14, Jinja2 , and PyYAML

Additional image formats support in KImageFormats

JasPer-2.0.14 and OpenEXR

Optional dependencies for KIO

MIT Kerberos V5-1.16.1

Optional dependencies for Solid

UDisks-2.8.0, UPower-0.99.7 and media-player-info (runtime)

Optional dependency for KWallet

gpgmepp

Optional dictionary backends for Sonnet

Hspell and Hunspell

Required dependencies for Prison

Datamatrix and QRencode

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/kf5

Downloading KDE Frameworks

The easiest way to get the KDE Frameworks packages is to use a single wget to fetch them all at once:

url=http://download.kde.org/stable/frameworks/5.49/
wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url

The options used here are:
  -r            recurse through child directories
  -nH           disable generation of host-prefixed directories
  -nd           do not create a hierarchy of directories 
  -A '*.xz'     just get the *.xz files
  -np           don't get parent directories

Setting Package Order

The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies. Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:

cat > frameworks-5.49.0.md5 << "EOF"
1b9a8d7fa78f14df0395d6533e07c233  attica-5.49.0.tar.xz
#44d277d5df5aa806f8caf4b12541b15c  extra-cmake-modules-5.49.0.tar.xz
4b369263ce39d96093c64318bd69ac60  kapidox-5.49.0.tar.xz
541071a7a336ca167d66b6bee5bb98a0  karchive-5.49.0.tar.xz
3189f9540de1bcf93edeef7fc8fdb853  kcodecs-5.49.0.tar.xz
57f6c446d29483fb2cfb285eb956a91b  kconfig-5.49.0.tar.xz
2e5cd09584c276416d56f66b8b3ee97b  kcoreaddons-5.49.0.tar.xz
a496b86727152d8b59ed2a2228003ac2  kdbusaddons-5.49.0.tar.xz
19c1372fb1a702f57c66cf5803049d50  kdnssd-5.49.0.tar.xz
4a733f7fb98fb936d74a688fe9959dd7  kguiaddons-5.49.0.tar.xz
a04e3c5b5c23c273fbdbdb3dea8fc0a1  ki18n-5.49.0.tar.xz
c54edfca13c0e8dac161048db33b4bce  kidletime-5.49.0.tar.xz
589ed57faba25f2014964619247aa28a  kimageformats-5.49.0.tar.xz
4412ab5a5446aab1df6f7bb59bac4365  kitemmodels-5.49.0.tar.xz
72d840e8ce2324a8e01cd3f2a3c269b2  kitemviews-5.49.0.tar.xz
df18871fbc9494d6318d7106f5924c53  kplotting-5.49.0.tar.xz
3c6aa861640fd55a34e359ef798a916d  kwidgetsaddons-5.49.0.tar.xz
4db7723226f6b0e0d8705d3fe53642a3  kwindowsystem-5.49.0.tar.xz
a4202fa94b64d65db2e4b7be34675c95  networkmanager-qt-5.49.0.tar.xz
391b3473e9e5d31d6e301f27e657ae4f  solid-5.49.0.tar.xz
f3e739976224f0b14ae653534e503df4  sonnet-5.49.0.tar.xz
c068e97cfc0a42f0d32ca927a12691fe  threadweaver-5.49.0.tar.xz
ed2183a6db12ce48f96b844287e53925  kauth-5.49.0.tar.xz
6790087dd73139a6e21e3cdf663271e5  kcompletion-5.49.0.tar.xz
c8c73f76432306b98ef038418c62ce44  kcrash-5.49.0.tar.xz
9376c84a3f70b95ae0141d90e1aaf165  kdoctools-5.49.0.tar.xz
9e690e1d76196c092b34605336e16ccb  kpty-5.49.0.tar.xz
9424c658138501742a2af85495c47f60  kunitconversion-5.49.0.tar.xz
82d5d219494a2ad1514157a7064521d0  kconfigwidgets-5.49.0.tar.xz
26524fb8e33b8ab3aebf86ec078c7518  kservice-5.49.0.tar.xz
712658831c71f5127762ffa0016a7a39  kglobalaccel-5.49.0.tar.xz
232e476d2d59b789a10c7be3cb6832a0  kpackage-5.49.0.tar.xz
57a2a02a7061040a6a437a1df6dacbd8  kdesu-5.49.0.tar.xz
f98c6e3ab806c0f76ab76f0291e4dd93  kemoticons-5.49.0.tar.xz
bad840d753b545cc1d166c773d1c284c  kiconthemes-5.49.0.tar.xz
f26fc58203dcad45d3c20545c5a48e53  kjobwidgets-5.49.0.tar.xz
2d276031a63a7bc76258991472056f5a  knotifications-5.49.0.tar.xz
012e92d2f2ce4574d2d3d0dbddc748af  ktextwidgets-5.49.0.tar.xz
009205833a4135eee008b6ea55833bb2  kxmlgui-5.49.0.tar.xz
eb0c686f3c61cd74c1740a030bdc4206  kbookmarks-5.49.0.tar.xz
802c5985ccfff94cfa025d6a938e7476  kwallet-5.49.0.tar.xz
826fc93fd2f0c337f7ef6bb8c10c0b22  kio-5.49.0.tar.xz
5febec6dc30c02caac9c46fc48d8a92a  kdeclarative-5.49.0.tar.xz
b15758b0500e97866ea4b32dd042ae39  kcmutils-5.49.0.tar.xz
9431414418dbf8f906f4e13f33479256  kirigami2-5.49.0.tar.xz
d6771e1a02516c7bfb24ece46019abc4  knewstuff-5.49.0.tar.xz
175a23040d853e1710f525b42e22c6f5  frameworkintegration-5.49.0.tar.xz
f6b5fada29fde1223aa976476f583427  kinit-5.49.0.tar.xz
53fe83e865aa5ef5b50dbfc58037a80f  knotifyconfig-5.49.0.tar.xz
f045b11f61eb244a9636e87eef84c496  kparts-5.49.0.tar.xz
9ed8874d043d2faafa28bf5ed2e3ea2a  kactivities-5.49.0.tar.xz
d47cdb541b3f4a3823dd420db170964d  kded-5.49.0.tar.xz
#014cde3b2f046494845bd88c8abc5883  kdewebkit-5.49.0.tar.xz
4b9837a0c1bc5bdb9acd146e0004759b  syntax-highlighting-5.49.0.tar.xz
3fdec786eb549cdb398c9da23e1eb94e  ktexteditor-5.49.0.tar.xz
6b4322afedde3304387c459d133c5d1e  kdesignerplugin-5.49.0.tar.xz
5d4800ad4363d836c26b374c97d8be58  kwayland-5.49.0.tar.xz
913a57607b9c57daef88c90356f55986  plasma-framework-5.49.0.tar.xz
3a18f1b5eb357a16a786b30f12b16028  modemmanager-qt-5.49.0.tar.xz
ede339e08f7432f94ab85093241e104c  kpeople-5.49.0.tar.xz
36d5ea545b972d275b4fde563202fed3  kxmlrpcclient-5.49.0.tar.xz
e311eee50522f739951b0fec7add2374  bluez-qt-5.49.0.tar.xz
ed176f7718b4f95688b7d4d109708d13  kfilemetadata-5.49.0.tar.xz
bbe82a79319abba8171769bb83b06d88  baloo-5.49.0.tar.xz
#aa29fe929300b41c44be52b9ee8a9e9c  breeze-icons-5.49.0.tar.xz
#48136fe0337c9e3a7f57324b9b943d59  oxygen-icons5-5.49.0.tar.xz
037b33038aa30fb78cc05e4e7961b983  kactivities-stats-5.49.0.tar.xz
12b562c1509281001c6b32a5842e453b  krunner-5.49.0.tar.xz
#dfc717b8fe63f3167d8bfea6f97b1ae6  prison-5.49.0.tar.xz
a84a244620b0febcb4a4527b0d7a6d09  qqc2-desktop-style-5.49.0.tar.xz
01ba726dc3fc0c440f9adacf66cb5681  kjs-5.49.0.tar.xz
22f9b04aebae7ddbf3fe5d3bfd93e541  kdelibs4support-5.49.0.tar.xz
b854adbf8ef148a426f079055e16b182  khtml-5.49.0.tar.xz
7025261ab8657c34b8110fd1419a6bc4  kjsembed-5.49.0.tar.xz
b9e38efe9fd70d30ff2275177ec8f95a  kmediaplayer-5.49.0.tar.xz
7297399799ef96f2a29b9e35c0dc57a7  kross-5.49.0.tar.xz
ba7bac91aeeddb03631dd12b6d44f9e2  kholidays-5.49.0.tar.xz
17fd75131e1860a2b77021770de8d40c  purpose-5.49.0.tar.xz
EOF

In the above list, notice that some files have been commented out with a hash (#) character. The extra-cmake-modules entry has been commented out because it was built earlier in the Introduction to KDE. The icon packages are covered separately at breeze-icons-5.49.0 and oxygen-icons5-5.49.0. The modemmanager-qt package may be built if its optional dependency has been installed. The prison package (bar code reader) may be built if the required external libraries are installed. The kdewebkit may be built if the external package QtWebkit has been built.

Installation of KDE Frameworks

[Note]

Note

When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.8.25p1 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

as_root()
{
  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"
  fi
}

export -f as_root
[Caution]

Caution

If installing in /opt and there is an existing /opt/kf5 either as a regular directory or a symbolic link, it should be reinitialized (as root):

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5.old                         &&
install -v -dm755           $KF5_PREFIX/{etc,share} &&
ln -sfv /etc/dbus-1         $KF5_PREFIX/etc         &&
ln -sfv /usr/share/dbus-1   $KF5_PREFIX/share

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

export CXXFLAGS='-isystem /usr/include/openssl-1.0'

while read -r line; do

    # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
    if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
    file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)

    pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||')          # Remove directory
    packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory

    tar -xf $file
    pushd $packagedir
      mkdir build
      cd    build

      cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF5_PREFIX \
            -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR        \
            -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release         \
            -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF                \
            -Wno-dev ..
      make
      as_root make install
    popd

  as_root rm -rf $packagedir
  as_root /sbin/ldconfig

done < frameworks-5.49.0.md5

exit
[Note]

Note

Any modules that have been omitted can be installed later by using the same mkdir build; cd build; cmake; make; make install procedure as above.

Sometimes the installation paths are hardcoded into installed files. If the installed directory is not /usr, rename the directory and create a symlink:

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5-5.49.0
ln -sfvn kf5-5.49.0 /opt/kf5

Command Explanations

-DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR: This switch is used to allow cmake to find the proper Qt libraries.

-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release: This switch is used to apply higher level of the compiler optimizations.

-DBUILD_TESTING=OFF: This switch is used to prevent building test programs and libraries that are of no use to an end user.

Contents

Installed Programs: There are 48 programs installed in /opt/kf5/bin.
Installed Libraries: There are too many kf5 libraries (191) to list separately.
Installed Directories: /opt/kf5 (symlink to /opt/kf5-5.49.0)

Short Descriptions

checkXML5

is a tool to check for syntax errors in KDE DocBook XML files.

depdiagram-generate

is a tool to generate a dependency diagram.

depdiagram-generate-all

is a tool to generate a dependency diagram for all frameworks at once..

depdiagram-prepare

is a tool to prepare dot files.

desktoptojson

is a tool to convert a .desktop file to a .json file.

kactivitymanagerd

is the KDE Plasma Workspace Activity Manager.

kbuildsycoca5

rebuilds the KService desktop file system configuration cache.

kcookiejar5

is a command line interface to the HTTP cookie store used by KDE, a D-BUS service to store/retrieve/clean cookies.

kded5

consolidates several small services in one process.

kdeinit5

is a process launcher somewhat similar to the famous init used for booting UNIX.

kf5-config

is a command line program used to retrieve information about KDE installation or user paths.

kf5kross

executes kross scripts written in KDE Javascript, Python, Ruby, Java and Falcon.

kgenapidox

is a tool to generate API documentation in the KDE style.

kgendesignerplugin

generates widget plugins for Qt(TM) Designer.

kglobalaccel5

is a daemon use to register the key bindings and for getting notified when the action triggered.

kjs5

is KDE ECMAScript/JavaScript engine.

kjscmd5

is a tool for launching KJSEmbed scripts from the command line.

kjsconsole

is a console for kjs5.

kmailservice5

is a mail service.

kpackagelauncherqml

is a commandline tool for launching kpackage QML application

kpackagetool5

is a command line kpackage tool.

kreadconfig5

is a command line tool to retrieve values from KDE configuration files.

kshell5

start applications via kdeinit.

ktelnetservice5

is a telnet service.

ktrash5

is a helper program to handle the KDE trash can.

kwalletd5

is the wallet manager daemon.

kwriteconfig5

is a command line tool to write values in KDE configuration files.

meinproc5

converts DocBook files to HTML.

plasmapkg2

is a tool to install, list, remove Plasma packages

preparetips5

is a script to extract the text from a tips file.

solid-hardware5

is a command line tool to investigate available devices.

Last updated on 2018-08-20 20:36:12 -0500