Building KDE Frameworks 5 (KF5)

KDE Frameworks 5 is a collection of libraries based on top of Qt5 and QML derived from the monolithic KDE 4 libraries. They can be used independent of the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-8.2 platform.

The instructions below build all of the KDE Frameworks packages in one step by using a bash script.

Package Information

KF5 Dependencies


Boost-1.66.0, extra-cmake-modules-5.43.0, docbook-xml-4.5, docbook-xsl-1.79.2, giflib-5.1.4, libepoxy-1.5.0, libgcrypt-1.8.2, libjpeg-turbo-1.5.3, libpng-1.6.34, libxslt-1.1.32, lmdb-0.9.21, OpenSSL-1.0.2n Libraries, QtWebkit-5.9.0, phonon-4.10.0, shared-mime-info-1.9, URI-1.73, and Wget-1.19.4 (required to download the packages)



BlueZ-5.49 (needed to build Bluez-Qt), ModemManager-1.6.12 (needed to build ModemManager-Qt)

Runtime dependency for FrameworkIntegration

Oxygen fonts and Noto fonts

Runtime dependencies for kapidox

Doxygen-1.8.14, Jinja2 , and PyYAML

Additional image formats support in KImageFormats

JasPer-2.0.14 and OpenEXR

Optional dependencies for KIO

MIT Kerberos V5-1.16

Optional dependencies for Solid

UDisks-2.7.6, UPower-0.99.7 and media-player-info (runtime)

Optional dependency for KWallet


Optional dictionary backends for Sonnet

Hspell and Hunspell

Required dependencies for Prison

Datamatrix and QRencode

User Notes:

Downloading KDE Frameworks

The easiest way to get the KDE Frameworks packages is to use a single wget to fetch them all at once:

wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url

The options used here are:
  -r            recurse through child directories
  -nH           disable generation of host-prefixed directories
  -nd           do not create a hierarchy of directories 
  -A '*.xz'     just get the *.xz files
  -np           don't get parent directories

Setting Package Order

The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies. Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:

cat > frameworks-5.43.0.md5 << "EOF"
bb18451b29c20fc43899003e1b5d88bf  attica-5.43.0.tar.xz
#b93c69609dbd2f16f9ee6302020ff5e6  extra-cmake-modules-5.43.0.tar.xz
8f6b6f4c6f11d09692620531baac3cbd  kapidox-5.43.0.tar.xz
5d28038e34f01ec59968b3a4732128d5  karchive-5.43.0.tar.xz
b6f2fa4dc1cb75887a401183c6981d26  kcodecs-5.43.0.tar.xz
12298fe985a25fac4ef2fe23cda6f7d8  kconfig-5.43.0.tar.xz
8a7082f64f2f5536b92c9b702e0e6f1b  kcoreaddons-5.43.0.tar.xz
9bd2f0271f0d9cf422ab3add939780f6  kdbusaddons-5.43.0.tar.xz
b2257e6bf91f3116839e8c363068c044  kdnssd-5.43.0.tar.xz
29a133ec1b1edf43fdcb64cdc0b3484a  kguiaddons-5.43.0.tar.xz
5f67b6d48344d347ca187a038ada4c96  ki18n-5.43.0.tar.xz
6aded894f5a984512e846bf949c6cc56  kidletime-5.43.0.tar.xz
ea24738d89ad19f34df3cea8aebdbcfb  kimageformats-5.43.0.tar.xz
4b7ab34387c480efea88daffd6461243  kitemmodels-5.43.0.tar.xz
0212ea41c19ecaf3d8796186a5d7a3d4  kitemviews-5.43.0.tar.xz
a78c532acdb8dbfb6fb07e78fd55bfd0  kplotting-5.43.0.tar.xz
f3d9f489d55e54c5c4047abea6f4477d  kwidgetsaddons-5.43.0.tar.xz
ca000f985de0be2bb3c602697d1bb923  kwindowsystem-5.43.0.tar.xz
44a5a63752381bb64876109a421f319a  networkmanager-qt-5.43.0.tar.xz
272d83ae231c5e1b5bb2851b730d1a3d  solid-5.43.0.tar.xz
366495c4aab66b740a25363c53fde6c2  sonnet-5.43.0.tar.xz
d02fe5fac35d600af14e7cdf5aef04dd  threadweaver-5.43.0.tar.xz
8df3fbc742e0914d4f7d3132a34c4017  kauth-5.43.0.tar.xz
a03088f8e53b46169f959c7ff9df1bcf  kcompletion-5.43.0.tar.xz
8985aaa68a6e29561423c09df77a3afc  kcrash-5.43.0.tar.xz
aec9d49e1bef4aa20151ec06c2fcffe5  kdoctools-5.43.0.tar.xz
5995656593e5f72b591ceb56f5339d24  kpty-5.43.0.tar.xz
5146a71a41c76385cf34544c67005d84  kunitconversion-5.43.0.tar.xz
b3092aca3e241329310ca2c57087a6c6  kconfigwidgets-5.43.0.tar.xz
6ca34186c9f3ffb3e964740ff6ecac55  kservice-5.43.0.tar.xz
4e23296878a567417863a3c88ccf051f  kglobalaccel-5.43.0.tar.xz
b7d41f77d01102fef52fab13c25038cb  kpackage-5.43.0.tar.xz
9ad92bfb68e7646bc7e4dea2140b348c  kdesu-5.43.0.tar.xz
1b860bc5eb70c5c2ee292fb0dc79725d  kemoticons-5.43.0.tar.xz
846d45c77c66faeb09769d79665353d4  kiconthemes-5.43.0.tar.xz
81d0d0108fbed55099227c616d88aa1b  kjobwidgets-5.43.0.tar.xz
497d0f2f81be5185e4179922ff53b9b7  knotifications-5.43.0.tar.xz
a27bdd565993a82476393a7d840bb851  ktextwidgets-5.43.0.tar.xz
3ea0e4d347105399e7107c2ec644d19d  kxmlgui-5.43.0.tar.xz
21de30d3ae86397ae92f94c7c160fb1e  kbookmarks-5.43.0.tar.xz
43173ebb19608ca56e3b1a1c737b3716  kwallet-5.43.0.tar.xz
b8888829cf7064c756331c2e8347fd09  kio-5.43.0.tar.xz
235fdc815c6ba94e173cf66a07b1076f  kdeclarative-5.43.0.tar.xz
7af955e653262eac715df202e8418d90  kcmutils-5.43.0.tar.xz
cb2fadba7600b65ecb8244959b5ba102  kirigami2-5.43.0.tar.xz
c47fc6ac7cd13b38cce0ba6675bdb967  knewstuff-5.43.0.tar.xz
e00d64384ffc2e28acd273b30e135a74  frameworkintegration-5.43.0.tar.xz
48f5100e0a11f24e9321fd2359408b1e  kinit-5.43.0.tar.xz
8f69fc2f40676b75d1a6b64e3e0371bd  knotifyconfig-5.43.0.tar.xz
3dbd8d893655c4d6682a3c2c44a59520  kparts-5.43.0.tar.xz
a443aaa90ddd41b11e4fa43b35a3f5dd  kactivities-5.43.0.tar.xz
97cac58acb119a33a8c2a283daa82982  kded-5.43.0.tar.xz
c30a2a178179b024f5ebc188e9939b80  kdewebkit-5.43.0.tar.xz
995b7d7e3b5ec614870e6fc60f060a11  syntax-highlighting-5.43.0.tar.xz
3ea63f69a4ed61c57b0578bc12c25606  ktexteditor-5.43.0.tar.xz
5dd311e62bbebe45e5f816f8b18461b4  kdesignerplugin-5.43.0.tar.xz
b03e7c6c53b0919fc09059a1614b2aa2  kwayland-5.43.0.tar.xz
62454f341fbcadc0c25d1a18ef8e7014  plasma-framework-5.43.0.tar.xz
dfdfcb07d45d168a19c19cad86ca2cc7  modemmanager-qt-5.43.0.tar.xz
36b0d67bbe91455b9b4b1cbef0a31c14  kpeople-5.43.0.tar.xz
1c769bc468e07d91ae21ae7ddff7fd09  kxmlrpcclient-5.43.0.tar.xz
5fb2427ffd7214859f5e07fc265a7d53  bluez-qt-5.43.0.tar.xz
d3d04affad8ee9d001911e010e2ca7f2  kfilemetadata-5.43.0.tar.xz
ef7918c5ff090508ae79908706d1ca58  baloo-5.43.0.tar.xz
#e717dcb76e5dd8d7b7145d76db4f2b30  breeze-icons-5.43.0.tar.xz
#61ceb7583096c6ab70690a1e941dac8f  oxygen-icons5-5.43.0.tar.xz
24de0d2d517279712e41533198d93ec6  kactivities-stats-5.43.0.tar.xz
d283025c9a8288d2a2fd52d0864323ed  krunner-5.43.0.tar.xz
#73fe712d4c110cbd2c5117d3b7a8c213  prison-5.43.0.tar.xz
83b257a99b7f5144495c9ccd881ecd3b  qqc2-desktop-style-5.43.0.tar.xz
7d81c30b200b0c70af66be9e63a9ad41  kjs-5.43.0.tar.xz
984f3900ca5fb33c57d5f0021b4e3fb8  kdelibs4support-5.43.0.tar.xz
9f2dcb4ed09d923c1f2727bb8b8cb5fa  khtml-5.43.0.tar.xz
8dbb6955e804e71c0ee4ba1311107c5f  kjsembed-5.43.0.tar.xz
55cc2b85fb8bdfe80b53e85d8d4f4610  kmediaplayer-5.43.0.tar.xz
94ad9a522521bbbb5a4de0c8a04946aa  kross-5.43.0.tar.xz
9c5202b7ad2d6093df2b410866933b4c  kholidays-5.43.0.tar.xz
2d05ea6fe77402fa059ba9e435e1c460  purpose-5.43.0.tar.xz

In the above list, notice that some files have been commented out with a hash (#) character. The extra-cmake-modules entry has been commented out because it was built earlier in the Introduction to KDE. The icon packages are covered separately at breeze-icons-5.43.0 and oxygen-icons5-5.43.0. The modemmanager-qt package may be built if its optional dependency has been installed. The prison package (bar code reader) may be built if the required external libraries are installed.

Installation of KDE Frameworks



When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.8.22 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"

export -f as_root


If installing in /opt and there is an existing /opt/kf5 either as a regular directory or a symbolic link, it should be reinitialized (as root):

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5.old                         &&
install -v -dm755           $KF5_PREFIX/{etc,share} &&
ln -sfv /etc/dbus-1         $KF5_PREFIX/etc         &&
ln -sfv /usr/share/dbus-1   $KF5_PREFIX/share

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

export CXXFLAGS='-isystem /usr/include/openssl-1.0'

while read -r line; do

    # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
    if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
    file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)

    pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||')          # Remove directory
    packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory

    tar -xf $file
    pushd $packagedir
      mkdir build
      cd    build

            -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR        \
            -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release         \
            -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF                \
            -Wno-dev ..
      as_root make install

  as_root rm -rf $packagedir
  as_root /sbin/ldconfig

done < frameworks-5.43.0.md5



Any modules that have been omitted can be installed later by using the same mkdir build; cd build; cmake; make; make install procedure as above.

Sometimes the installation paths are hardcoded into installed files. If the installed directory is not /usr, rename the directory and create a symlink:

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5-5.43.0
ln -sfvn kf5-5.43.0 /opt/kf5

Command Explanations

-DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR: This switch is used to allow cmake to find the proper Qt libraries.

-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release: This switch is used to apply higher level of the compiler optimizations.

-DBUILD_TESTING=OFF: This switch is used to prevent building test programs and libraries that are of no use to an end user.


Installed Programs: There are 48 programs installed in /opt/kf5/bin.
Installed Libraries: There are too many kf5 libraries (191) to list separately.
Installed Directories: /opt/kf5 (symlink to /opt/kf5-5.43.0)

Short Descriptions


is a tool to check for syntax errors in KDE DocBook XML files.


is a tool to generate a dependency diagram.


is a tool to generate a dependency diagram for all frameworks at once..


is a tool to prepare dot files.


is a tool to convert a .desktop file to a .json file.


is the KDE Plasma Workspace Activity Manager.


rebuilds the KService desktop file system configuration cache.


is a command line interface to the HTTP cookie store used by KDE, a D-BUS service to store/retrieve/clean cookies.


consolidates several small services in one process.


is a process launcher somewhat similar to the famous init used for booting UNIX.


is a command line program used to retrieve information about KDE installation or user paths.


executes kross scripts written in KDE Javascript, Python, Ruby, Java and Falcon.


is a tool to generate API documentation in the KDE style.


generates widget plugins for Qt(TM) Designer.


is a daemon use to register the key bindings and for getting notified when the action triggered.


is KDE ECMAScript/JavaScript engine.


is a tool for launching KJSEmbed scripts from the command line.


is a console for kjs5.


is a mail service.


is a commandline tool for launching kpackage QML application


is a command line kpackage tool.


is a command line tool to retrieve values from KDE configuration files.


start applications via kdeinit.


is a telnet service.


is a helper program to handle the KDE trash can.


is the wallet manager daemon.


is a command line tool to write values in KDE configuration files.


converts DocBook files to HTML.


is a tool to install, list, remove Plasma packages


is a script to extract the text from a tips file.


is a command line tool to investigate available devices.

Last updated on 2018-03-11 09:55:43 -0500