Building KDE Frameworks 5 (KF5)

KDE Frameworks 5 is a collection of libraries based on top of Qt5 and QML derived from the monolithic KDE 4 libraries. They can be used independent of the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-10.0 platform.

The instructions below build all of the KDE Frameworks packages in one step by using a bash script.

Package Information

KF5 Dependencies

Required

Boost-1.74.0, extra-cmake-modules-5.73.0, docbook-xml-4.5, docbook-xsl-1.79.2, giflib-5.2.1, libepoxy-1.5.4, libgcrypt-1.8.6, libjpeg-turbo-2.0.5, libpng-1.6.37, libxslt-1.1.34, lmdb-0.9.24, phonon-4.11.1, plasma-wayland-protocols-1.1.1, shared-mime-info-2.0, URI-1.76, and Wget-1.20.3 (required to download the packages)

Recommended

Optional

BlueZ-5.55 (needed to build Bluez-Qt), ModemManager-1.14.2 (needed to build ModemManager-Qt)

Runtime dependency for FrameworkIntegration

Oxygen fonts and Noto fonts

Runtime dependencies for kapidox

Doxygen-1.8.20, Jinja2-2.11.2, and PyYAML-5.3.1

Additional image formats support in KImageFormats

JasPer-2.0.14 and OpenEXR

Optional dependencies for KIO

MIT Kerberos V5-1.18.2

Optional dependencies for Solid

UDisks-2.9.1, UPower-0.99.11 and media-player-info (runtime)

Optional dependency for KWallet

gpgmepp

Optional dictionary backends for Sonnet

Hspell and Hunspell

Required dependencies for Prison

Datamatrix and QRencode

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/kf5

Downloading KDE Frameworks

The easiest way to get the KDE Frameworks packages is to use a single wget to fetch them all at once:

url=http://download.kde.org/stable/frameworks/5.73/
wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url

The options used here are:
  -r            recurse through child directories
  -nH           disable generation of host-prefixed directories
  -nd           do not create a hierarchy of directories 
  -A '*.xz'     just get the *.xz files
  -np           don't get parent directories

Setting Package Order

The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies. Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:

cat > frameworks-5.73.0.md5 << "EOF"
c33040192815708c5f075b1dbd01a2be  attica-5.73.0.tar.xz
#3a3b7489583b9b412ff18316b7ab2912  extra-cmake-modules-5.73.0.tar.xz
342ec19fd7e65cafd3d58220f144ebc8  kapidox-5.73.0.tar.xz
33de1f53ec53e7112396ded8c3306d02  karchive-5.73.0.tar.xz
03107a85b830b212e268f51cf2cbe668  kcodecs-5.73.0.tar.xz
c1d584f109de507e91a357585bccd445  kconfig-5.73.0.tar.xz
f3e0b26a1b63fee56fb74b1bf972aac2  kcoreaddons-5.73.0.tar.xz
f6668c75a63f2b62997bde8c644244d0  kdbusaddons-5.73.0.tar.xz
756b06b64a324d9c930b560a6d082d06  kdnssd-5.73.0.tar.xz
7d68d806497104cd7febecdeb72b01f6  kguiaddons-5.73.0.tar.xz
b62f7fc855504f2372ee6c79a6bc40d7  ki18n-5.73.0.tar.xz
888748e6c1e7c706ab0620dd06881821  kidletime-5.73.0.tar.xz
fc9c81792d222bd82012ffea28508b09  kimageformats-5.73.0.tar.xz
c83f878fd79b5b2d03f89395d2e14986  kitemmodels-5.73.0.tar.xz
913b467848b103df05bbf95ea37ba9ec  kitemviews-5.73.0.tar.xz
34fef335c2070bfa0ac7bf468add65f6  kplotting-5.73.0.tar.xz
26d211cae109afaa5bc0510e857fdf28  kwidgetsaddons-5.73.0.tar.xz
80674f9e664040a9f25e2a762473fc0f  kwindowsystem-5.73.0.tar.xz
74bc1a1d23993391a481f3a4a1c016a1  networkmanager-qt-5.73.0.tar.xz
6121d847448048fe92b12264e82d8c9e  solid-5.73.0.tar.xz
05a961ee1ed39e1f4d98aab99c02930e  sonnet-5.73.0.tar.xz
927e8df5d6440cab69614a825e111c2d  threadweaver-5.73.0.tar.xz
aa1e7532c695d9e8b6a213fa725bae1e  kauth-5.73.0.tar.xz
7e5263945014cc97726ec1fd855bd331  kcompletion-5.73.0.tar.xz
40d87aa27174706e6df0b2807b114b56  kcrash-5.73.0.tar.xz
c7e7b638940c5f6abae59c1195ec37fe  kdoctools-5.73.0.tar.xz
ba450e3e2edf7679b140b64f1938feb2  kpty-5.73.0.tar.xz
2df82e84a1f22dc72121490e3c325de0  kunitconversion-5.73.0.tar.xz
f4f7c5f17f829e7df2395ab1dbd7243d  kconfigwidgets-5.73.0.tar.xz
22ad03ccdb3243e850ca30d16c6771f1  kservice-5.73.0.tar.xz
cf047279f13f72cd78784067fd1d6518  kglobalaccel-5.73.0.tar.xz
f39a62f40255dbe54295c72779bdbad3  kpackage-5.73.0.tar.xz
0042487aad83241f52c1116cc67fe470  kdesu-5.73.0.tar.xz
79781c58d3a8433ff8de5d5e1031cd7a  kemoticons-5.73.0.tar.xz
23d7226b57acbf5be919b3848592c624  kiconthemes-5.73.0.tar.xz
3a2282e410983f1847463cb7a4d8985e  kjobwidgets-5.73.0.tar.xz
b5b5b3b1482a880ca714ceac28624646  knotifications-5.73.0.tar.xz
508bdf33c3fb27bfb577d01599a69f39  ktextwidgets-5.73.0.tar.xz
1591c913577d800f03d079545c8d5411  kxmlgui-5.73.0.tar.xz
083059e5b6f2285d1e803de121d797da  kbookmarks-5.73.0.tar.xz
905c9d5f68ab24af1378b6373ff2136b  kwallet-5.73.0.tar.xz
3b51763b90c604f46b7be40e8e620d42  kded-5.73.0.tar.xz
9662956fa936f5784e72c56d3b92df84  kio-5.73.0.tar.xz
b7342c3e6d5d121a062a4fec0b12b440  kdeclarative-5.73.0.tar.xz
d5416a83f5fb657191943f78c3f53132  kcmutils-5.73.0.tar.xz
e48190fb43e340f4d8af0af761313ff5  kirigami2-5.73.0.tar.xz
3031ba0db06c655902c48149ebb0aa47  knewstuff-5.73.0.tar.xz
628f3ba2f966ea5853d7db7e89c1aa25  frameworkintegration-5.73.0.tar.xz
62352e83bcc895af5668ed350dfe6c9d  kinit-5.73.0.tar.xz
78ed1d6c89cfc50837b339fef0d1aa42  knotifyconfig-5.73.0.tar.xz
baea3312a026f6e7d0754b1d3c87d52c  kparts-5.73.0.tar.xz
83d12c191cb16343603710dd12549de9  kactivities-5.73.0.tar.xz
#7f77d7f55abc4ea9db3dd786b514ee58  kdewebkit-5.73.0.tar.xz
171ec7fbb842a65bc8c0ef8832bc1b0a  syntax-highlighting-5.73.0.tar.xz
0daa36a7e0440715bb9d028e3a6a79dd  ktexteditor-5.73.0.tar.xz
da21560291ac5ca797807017b690526c  kdesignerplugin-5.73.0.tar.xz
cce15d3618ccf85d66dd3ce00ef119bf  kwayland-5.73.0.tar.xz
3fb4c9624ccf587b9692b9f18bf8e78e  plasma-framework-5.73.0.tar.xz
#f05b39b8de0e8f17acdc52d266b39f95  modemmanager-qt-5.73.0.tar.xz
87528365a0f41fa9f65a8314b2b30b64  kpeople-5.73.0.tar.xz
b279ad2c0c188540f88b5291cccd12f4  kxmlrpcclient-5.73.0.tar.xz
81e1638b9915ef293a5fcb651679b025  bluez-qt-5.73.0.tar.xz
bf2731aca806de7d9e1f57eb164dccce  kfilemetadata-5.73.0.tar.xz
0ccd995814833ffeba852db8469d8ecd  baloo-5.73.0.tar.xz
#335cc472ede625d4c986601fa46a0de7  breeze-icons-5.73.0.tar.xz
#1a1b69517c3e5054e8c3fc5a863424d2  oxygen-icons5-5.73.0.tar.xz
527bb4e18d0c934c4ceb6bb888e27be6  kactivities-stats-5.73.0.tar.xz
b2c41005086aa5923396b76a97654b4e  krunner-5.73.0.tar.xz
#c5777bd5809f74a5595ab6b9d58c088c  prison-5.73.0.tar.xz
83485bd9da3a945de012707b1ee11f03  qqc2-desktop-style-5.73.0.tar.xz
2f25ea46a7ae7ff942a3b12457710bc9  kjs-5.73.0.tar.xz
7daadf02818f6e58853e151f5a246524  kdelibs4support-5.73.0.tar.xz
c79f45f59e5ddc53359d008dc1266c63  khtml-5.73.0.tar.xz
e4bc354a2908888098e9ca17a5888bc9  kjsembed-5.73.0.tar.xz
7652778ab2e57bb49d930450650c86da  kmediaplayer-5.73.0.tar.xz
9255465cc898c9e9e1afcc6876a725fd  kross-5.73.0.tar.xz
ca82fa202e9b6d7ebcf6c4f5c4bdfbe5  kholidays-5.73.0.tar.xz
16746901b71655898064984c4d1bd0fd  purpose-5.73.0.tar.xz
fdda5ee07fd893bca10b6e6c62ad4965  syndication-5.73.0.tar.xz
599b10ad4a5d110e996b6528b5165aeb  kcalendarcore-5.73.0.tar.xz
8f4e3826b4202ad0b006a7df67b0732e  kcontacts-5.73.0.tar.xz
714cedd448a555befc8da387ab5105b2  kquickcharts-5.73.0.tar.xz
766ddc42f378a4c69bf8bf9cedc18108  kdav-5.73.0.tar.xz
EOF

In the above list, notice that some files have been commented out with a hash (#) character. The extra-cmake-modules entry has been commented out because it was built earlier in the Introduction to KDE. The icon packages are covered separately at breeze-icons-5.73.0 and oxygen-icons5-5.73.0. The modemmanager-qt package may be built if its optional dependency has been installed. The prison package (bar code reader) may be built if the required external libraries are installed. The kdewebkit may be built if the external package QtWebkit has been built.

Installation of KDE Frameworks

[Note]

Note

When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.9.3 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

as_root()
{
  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"
  fi
}

export -f as_root
[Caution]

Caution

If installing in /opt and there is an existing /opt/kf5 either as a regular directory or a symbolic link, it should be reinitialized (as root):

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5.old                         &&
install -v -dm755           $KF5_PREFIX/{etc,share} &&
ln -sfv /etc/dbus-1         $KF5_PREFIX/etc         &&
ln -sfv /usr/share/dbus-1   $KF5_PREFIX/share

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

while read -r line; do

    # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
    if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
    file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)

    pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||')          # Remove directory
    packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory

    name=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|-5.*$||') # Isolate package name

    tar -xf $file
    pushd $packagedir

      case $name in
        kitemviews*) sed -i '/<QList>/a #include <QPersistentModelIndex>' \
          src/kwidgetitemdelegatepool_p.h ;;
        kplotting*) sed -i '/<QHash>/a #include <QHelpEvent>' \
          src/kplotwidget.cpp ;;
        knotifica*) sed -i '/<QUrl>/a #include <QVariant>' \
          src/knotification.h ;;
        kcompleti*) sed -i '/<QClipboard>/a #include <QKeyEvent>' \
          src/klineedit.cpp ;;
        kwayland*) sed -i '/<wayland-xdg-output-server-proto/a #include <QHash>' \
          src/server/xdgoutput_interface.cpp ;;
        purpose*) sed -i 's/15,/16,/' \
          src/externalprocess/purposeprocess_main.cpp ;;
      esac  

      mkdir build
      cd    build

      cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF5_PREFIX \
            -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR        \
            -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release         \
            -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF                \
            -Wno-dev ..
      make
      as_root make install
    popd

  as_root rm -rf $packagedir
  as_root /sbin/ldconfig

done < frameworks-5.73.0.md5

exit
[Note]

Note

Any modules that have been omitted can be installed later by using the same mkdir build; cd build; cmake; make; make install procedure as above.

Sometimes the installation paths are hardcoded into installed files. If the installed directory is not /usr, rename the directory and create a symlink:

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5-5.73.0
ln -sfvn kf5-5.73.0 /opt/kf5

Command Explanations

case ...: Those modifications are required to build with Qt-5.15.1.

-DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR: This switch is used to allow cmake to find the proper Qt libraries.

-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release: This switch is used to apply higher level of the compiler optimizations.

-DBUILD_TESTING=OFF: This switch is used to prevent building test programs and libraries that are of no use to an end user.

Contents

Installed Programs: There are 48 programs installed in /opt/kf5/bin.
Installed Libraries: There are too many kf5 libraries (191) to list separately.
Installed Directories: /opt/kf5 (symlink to /opt/kf5-5.73.0)

Short Descriptions

checkXML5

is a tool to check for syntax errors in KDE DocBook XML files.

depdiagram-generate

is a tool to generate a dependency diagram.

depdiagram-generate-all

is a tool to generate a dependency diagram for all frameworks at once.

depdiagram-prepare

is a tool to prepare dot files.

desktoptojson

is a tool to convert a .desktop file to a .json file.

kactivitymanagerd

is the KDE Plasma Workspace Activity Manager.

kbuildsycoca5

rebuilds the KService desktop file system configuration cache.

kcookiejar5

is a command line interface to the HTTP cookie store used by KDE, a D-BUS service to store/retrieve/clean cookies.

kded5

consolidates several small services in one process.

kdeinit5

is a process launcher somewhat similar to the famous init used for booting UNIX.

kf5-config

is a command line program used to retrieve information about KDE installation or user paths.

kf5kross

executes kross scripts written in KDE Javascript, Python, Ruby, Java and Falcon.

kgenapidox

is a tool to generate API documentation in the KDE style.

kgendesignerplugin

generates widget plugins for Qt(TM) Designer.

kglobalaccel5

is a daemon use to register the key bindings and for getting notified when the action triggered.

kjs5

is KDE ECMAScript/JavaScript engine.

kjscmd5

is a tool for launching KJSEmbed scripts from the command line.

kjsconsole

is a console for kjs5.

kmailservice5

is a mail service.

kpackagelauncherqml

is a commandline tool for launching kpackage QML application

kpackagetool5

is a command line kpackage tool.

kreadconfig5

is a command line tool to retrieve values from KDE configuration files.

kshell5

start applications via kdeinit.

ktelnetservice5

is a telnet service.

ktrash5

is a helper program to handle the KDE trash can.

kwalletd5

is the wallet manager daemon.

kwriteconfig5

is a command line tool to write values in KDE configuration files.

meinproc5

converts DocBook files to HTML.

plasmapkg2

is a tool to install, list, remove Plasma packages

preparetips5

is a script to extract the text from a tips file.

solid-hardware5

is a command line tool to investigate available devices.

Last updated on 2020-09-15 09:50:44 -0500