dhcpcd-9.3.1

Introduction to dhcpcd

dhcpcd is an implementation of the DHCP client specified in RFC2131. A DHCP client is useful for connecting your computer to a network which uses DHCP to assign network addresses. dhcpcd strives to be a fully featured, yet very lightweight DHCP client.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-10.0 platform.

Package Information

dhcpcd Dependencies

Optional

LLVM-11.0.0 (with Clang), ntp-4.2.8p15, chronyd, and ypbind

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/dhcpcd

Installation of dhcpcd

Recent releases of dhcpcd implement privilege separation. Additional installation steps are necessary to set up the proper environment, which are performed by issuing the following commands as the root user:

install  -v -m700 -d /var/lib/dhcpcd &&

groupadd -g 52 dhcpcd        &&
useradd  -c 'dhcpcd PrivSep' \
         -d /var/lib/dhcpcd  \
         -g dhcpcd           \
         -s /bin/false     \
         -u 52 dhcpcd &&
chown    -v dhcpcd:dhcpcd /var/lib/dhcpcd 

Install dhcpcd by running the following commands:

./configure --libexecdir=/lib/dhcpcd \
            --dbdir=/var/lib/dhcpcd  \
            --privsepuser=dhcpcd     &&
make

To test the results, issue: make test.

Now, as the root user:

make install

Command Explanations

--libexecdir=/lib/dhcpcd: The default /libexec is not FHS-compliant. Since this directory may need to be available early in the boot, /usr/libexec cannot be used either.

--dbdir=/var/lib/dhcpcd: The default /var/db is not FHS-compliant

--with-hook=...: You can optionally install more hooks, for example to install some configuration files such as ntp.conf. The set of hooks is in the dhcpcd-hooks directory in the build tree.

Configuring dhcpcd

Config Files

/etc/dhcpcd.conf

General Configuration Information

To configure dhcpcd, you need to first install the network service script, /lib/services/dhcpcd included in the blfs-bootscripts-20201002 package (as user root):

make install-service-dhcpcd
[Note]

Note

the network service script /lib/services/dhcpcd contained in bootscripts up to blfs-bootscripts-20191204 is not compatible with latest dhcpcd, as the location of the pidfile changed. To work around this, issue the following command:

sed -i "s;/run/dhcpcd-;/run/dhcpcd/;g" /lib/services/dhcpcd
[Note]

Note

The default for dhcpcd is to set the hostname and mtu. It also overwrites /etc/resolv.conf and /etc/ntp.conf. These modifications to system files are done by hooks which are stored in /lib/dhcpcd/dhcpcd-hooks. Setup dhcpcd by removing or adding hooks from/to that directory. The execution of hooks can be disabled by using the --nohook (-C) command line option or by the nohook option in the /etc/dhcpcd.conf file.

Finally, as the root user create the /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.eth0 configuration file using the following commands. Adjust appropriately for additional interfaces:

cat > /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.eth0 << "EOF"
ONBOOT="yes"
IFACE="eth0"
SERVICE="dhcpcd"
DHCP_START="-b -q <insert appropriate start options here>"
DHCP_STOP="-k <insert additional stop options here>"
EOF

For more information on the appropriate DHCP_START and DHCP_STOP values, examine the man page for dhcpcd.

Configuration Information: fixed ip

Although not usual, it is possible that you need to configure dhcpcd to use a fixed ip. Here, we give an example. As the root user create the /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.eth0 configuration file using the following commands. Adjust appropriately for additional interfaces and for the actual ip and router you need:

cat > /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.eth0 << "EOF"
ONBOOT="yes"
IFACE="eth0"
SERVICE="dhcpcd"
DHCP_START="-b -q -S ip_address=192.168.0.10/24 -S routers=192.168.0.1"
DHCP_STOP="-k"
EOF

You can either use DNS servers in /etc/resolv.conf from another system, your preferred servers, or just the example /etc/resolv.conf.head file below as is:

cat > /etc/resolv.conf.head << "EOF"
# OpenDNS servers
nameserver 208.67.222.222
nameserver 208.67.220.220
EOF

Contents

Installed Program: dhcpcd
Installed Library: /lib/dhcpcd/dev/udev.so
Installed Directory: /{,var/}lib/dhcpcd and /usr/share/dhcpcd

Short Descriptions

dhcpcd

is an implementation of the DHCP client specified in RFC2131.

udev.so

adds udev support for interface arrival and departure; this is because udev likes to rename the interface, which it can't do if dhcpcd grabs it first.

Last updated on 2020-10-15 16:57:27 -0500