Xorg is a freely redistributable, open-source implementation of the X Window System. This system provides a client/server interface between display hardware (the mouse, keyboard, and video displays) and the desktop environment, while also providing both the windowing infrastructure and a standardized application interface (API).
User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/Xorg7
Xorg-7.0 introduced a completely auto-tooled, modular build system. With the new modular build system, it is no longer possible to download the entire package in a single file. In fact, there will be well over 100 packages that need to be fetched from the download location. To assist with such a large task, installing Wget-1.16.3 is strongly recommended for downloading the needed files. A complete wget file list is provided for each page that includes multiple packages.
Given the number of packages available, deciding which packages you need to install for your particular setup may seem a bit overwhelming at first. Take a look at this page and this thread to get an idea of what you will need. If you are unsure, you should install all packages at the cost of extra disk space.
Even if you intend to download only the necessary packages, you should download the wget file lists. The list of files are ordered by dependency, and the package versions listed in the files are known to work well with each other. Further, the wget file lists contain comments for specific packages that are deprecated or are not recommended to install. Newer packages are likely intended for the next release of Xorg and have already proved to be incompatible with current versions of software installed in BLFS. The installed size of Xorg can be reduced considerably by installing only the packages that you will need and use, however, the BLFS book cannot account for all dependencies and build options for the individual Xorg packages. The instructions assume that all packages have been built. A wiki page containing dependency information is under development. You are encouraged to add to these pages if you discover additional information that may be helpful to other users who selectively install individual packages.
Additionally, because of the large number of repetitive commands, you
are encouraged to partially automate the build. Instructions have
been given that utilize the Sudo-1.8.14p3
package. It is recommended that you use the
:NOPASSWD configuration option for the
user that will be building the xorg packages.
The following instructions assume that the shell startup files have been set up as described in The Bash Shell Startup Files.
First, you'll need to create a working directory:
mkdir xc && cd xc
As with previous releases of the X Window System, it may be
desirable to install Xorg into an
alternate prefix. This is no longer common practice among Linux
distributions. The common installation prefix for Xorg on Linux is
/usr. There is no standard alternate prefix, nor
is there any exception in the current revision of the Filesystem
Hierarchy Standard for Release 7 of the X Window System. Alan
Coopersmith of Sun Microsystems, has recently stated "At Sun, we
/usr/X11 and plan to stick
with it." Only the
/opt/* prefix or
/usr prefix adhere to the current
Choose your installation prefix, and set the
XORG_PREFIX variable with the following command:
Throughout these instructions, you will use the following
for all of the packages. Create the
XORG_CONFIG variable to use for this parameter
export XORG_CONFIG="--prefix=$XORG_PREFIX --sysconfdir=/etc \ --localstatedir=/var --disable-static"
configuration file containing these variables as the
cat > /etc/profile.d/xorg.sh << "EOF" XORG_PREFIX="
<PREFIX>" XORG_CONFIG="--prefix=$XORG_PREFIX --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var --disable-static" export XORG_PREFIX XORG_CONFIG EOF chmod 644 /etc/profile.d/xorg.sh
If you've decided to use the standard
/usr prefix, you can omit the remainder of this
page and continue at util-macros-1.19.0.
If you've decided to not use
the standard prefix, be sure to add
$XORG_PREFIX/bin to your
PATH environment variable, and
$XORG_PREFIX/share/pkgconfig to your
PKG_CONFIG_PATH variable. It is also helpful to
specify additional search paths for gcc and an include directory for
the aclocal program.
Issue the following commands as the
cat >> /etc/profile.d/xorg.sh << "EOF" pathappend $XORG_PREFIX/bin PATH pathappend $XORG_PREFIX/lib/pkgconfig PKG_CONFIG_PATH pathappend $XORG_PREFIX/share/pkgconfig PKG_CONFIG_PATH pathappend $XORG_PREFIX/lib LIBRARY_PATH pathappend $XORG_PREFIX/include C_INCLUDE_PATH pathappend $XORG_PREFIX/include CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH ACLOCAL='aclocal -I $XORG_PREFIX/share/aclocal' export PATH PKG_CONFIG_PATH ACLOCAL LIBRARY_PATH C_INCLUDE_PATH CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH EOF
You should also add
/etc/ld.so.conf file. Again,
root user, issue the
echo "$XORG_PREFIX/lib" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
You should also modify
/etc/man_db.conf, adding appropriate
MANDATORY_MANPATH, MANPATH_MAP, and MANDB_MAP entries following the
/usr/X11R6. Issue the
following command as the
$XORG_PREFIX@g" -i /etc/man_db.conf
Some applications look for shared files in
/usr/share/X11. Create a symbolic link to the
proper location as the
ln -sf $XORG_PREFIX/share/X11 /usr/share/X11
If building KDE, some cmake files look for Xorg in places other than $XORG_PREFIX. Allow cmake to find Xorg with:
ln -sf $XORG_PREFIX /usr/X11R6
Finally, if building on x86_64, you will need to create the
$XORG_PREFIX/lib directory and the
$XORG_PREFIX/lib64 symlink. Again, as
root user, issue the following
install -v -m755 -d $XORG_PREFIX && install -v -m755 -d $XORG_PREFIX/lib && ln -sf lib $XORG_PREFIX/lib64
Last updated on 2015-02-23 21:00:51 -0800