6.55. Udev-104

The Udev package contains programs for dynamic creation of device nodes.

Approximate build time: 0.1 SBU
Required disk space: 5.8 MB

6.55.1. Installation of Udev

The udev-config tarball contains LFS-specific files used to configure Udev. Unpack it into the Udev source directory:

tar -xvf ../udev-config-20061021.tar.bz2

Create some devices and directories that Udev cannot handle due to them being required very early in the boot process:

install -dv /lib/{firmware,udev/devices/{pts,shm}}
mknod -m0666 /lib/udev/devices/null c 1 3
ln -sv /proc/self/fd /lib/udev/devices/fd
ln -sv /proc/self/fd/0 /lib/udev/devices/stdin
ln -sv /proc/self/fd/1 /lib/udev/devices/stdout
ln -sv /proc/self/fd/2 /lib/udev/devices/stderr
ln -sv /proc/kcore /lib/udev/devices/core

Compile the package:

make EXTRAS="extras/ata_id extras/cdrom_id extras/edd_id \
            extras/firmware extras/floppy extras/path_id extras/rule_generator \
            extras/scsi_id extras/usb_id extras/volume_id"

The meaning of the make option:

EXTRAS=...

This builds several helper binaries that can aid in writing custom Udev rules.

To test the results, issue: make test.

Note that the Udev testsuite will produce numerous messages in the host system's logs. These are harmless and can be ignored.

Install the package:

make DESTDIR=/ \
    EXTRAS="extras/ata_id extras/cdrom_id extras/edd_id \
            extras/firmware extras/floppy extras/path_id extras/rule_generator \
            extras/scsi_id extras/usb_id extras/volume_id" install

The meaning of the make parameter:

DESTDIR=/

This prevents the Udev build process from killing any udevd processes that may be running on the host system.

Udev has to be configured in order to work properly, as it does not install any configuration files by default. First install the commonly-used rules files provided by Udev:

cp -v etc/udev/rules.d/[0-9]* /etc/udev/rules.d/

Now install the LFS-specific rules files:

cd udev-config-20061021
make install

Install the documentation that explains the LFS-specific rules files:

make install-doc

Install the documentation that explains the commonly-used rules files provided by Udev:

make install-extra-doc

Install the documentation that explains how to create custom Udev rules:

cd ..
install -m644 -D -v docs/writing_udev_rules/index.html \
    /usr/share/doc/udev-104/index.html

6.55.2. Contents of Udev

Installed programs: ata_id, cdrom_id, create_floppy_devices, edd_id, firmware_helper, path_id, scsi_id, udevcontrol, udevd, udevinfo, udevmonitor, udevsettle, udevtest, udevtrigger, usb_id, vol_id, and write_cd_aliases
Installed directory: /etc/udev

Short Descriptions

ata_id

Provides Udev with a unique string and additional information (uuid, label) for an ATA drive

cdrom_id

Provides Udev with the capabilities of a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive

create_floppy_devices

Creates all possible floppy devices based on the CMOS type

edd_id

Provides Udev with the EDD ID for a BIOS disk drive

firmware_helper

Uploads firmware to devices

path_id

Provide the shortest possible unique hardware path to a device

scsi_id

Provides Udev with a unique SCSI identifier based on the data returned from sending a SCSI INQUIRY command to the specified device

udevcontrol

Configures a number of options for the running udevd daemon, such as the log level.

udevd

A daemon that listens for uevents on the netlink socket, creates devices and runs the configured external programs in response to these uevents

udevinfo

Allows users to query the Udev database for information on any device currently present on the system; it also provides a way to query any device in the sysfs tree to help create udev rules

udevmonitor

Prints the event received from the kernel and the environment which Udev sends out after rule processing

udevsettle

Watches the Udev event queue and exits if all current uevents have been handled

udevtest

Simulates a uevent for the given device, and prints out the name of the node the real udevd would have created, or the name of the renamed network interface

udevtrigger

Triggers kernel device uevents to be replayed

usb_id

Provides Udev with information about USB devices

vol_id

Provides Udev with the label and uuid of a filesystem

/etc/udev

Contains Udev configuation files, device permissions, and rules for device naming