Introduction to xterm

xterm is a terminal emulator for the X Window System.

This package is not a part of the Xorg katamari and is provided only as a dependency to other packages or for testing the completed Xorg installation.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-7.10 platform.

Package Information

xterm Dependencies


Xorg Applications

Required (at runtime)

A monospace TTF or OTF font such as DejaVu, listed under Xft Font Protocol


Valgrind-3.12.0 and man2html

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/Xterm

Installation of xterm

Install xterm by running the following commands:

sed -i '/v0/{n;s/new:/new:kb=^?:/}' termcap &&
printf '\tkbs=\\177,\n' >> terminfo &&

TERMINFO=/usr/share/terminfo \
./configure $XORG_CONFIG     \
    --with-app-defaults=/etc/X11/app-defaults &&


This package does not come with a test suite.

Now, as the root user:

make install &&
make install-ti

Command Explanations

sed -i ... termcap, printf ... >> terminfo: These commands modify the terminal description so that the Backspace key is expected to send the character with ASCII code 127. This is done for consistency with the Linux console.

TERMINFO=/usr/share/terminfo: This ensures that the xterm terminfo files are installed to the system terminfo database.

--with-app-defaults=...: Sets the location for the app-defaults directory.

make install-ti: This command installs corrected terminfo description files for use with xterm.

Configuring xterm

There are two ways to configure xterm. You can add the X resource definitions to the user's ~/.Xresources file, or add them to the system-wide $XORG_PREFIX/share/X11/app-defaults/Xterm file.

In order for xterm to follow the locale settings in the environment, use TrueType fonts, and follow the Linux convention about the code sent by the Backspace key, add the following definitions as the root user:

cat >> /etc/X11/app-defaults/XTerm << "EOF"
*VT100*locale: true
*VT100*faceName: Monospace
*VT100*faceSize: 10
*backarrowKeyIsErase: true
*ptyInitialErase: true


Installed Programs: koi8rxterm, resize, uxterm, and xterm
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directories: None

Short Descriptions


is a wrapper script to set up xterm with a KOI8-R locale.


prints a shell command for setting the TERM and TERMCAP environment variables to indicate the current size of xterm window.


is a wrapper script that modifies the current locale to use UTF-8 and starts xterm with the proper settings.


is a terminal emulator for the X Window System.

Last updated on 2016-12-12 13:51:08 -0600