The CrackLib package contains a library used to enforce strong passwords by comparing user selected passwords to words in chosen word lists.
Download (HTTP): http://downloads.sourceforge.net/cracklib/cracklib-2.8.9.tar.gz
Download MD5 sum: 9a8c9eb26b48787c84024ac779f64bb2
Download size: 575 KB
Estimated disk space required: 29.2 MB (without Python bindings)
Estimated build time: 0.1 SBU
Recommended word list for English-speaking countries (size: 4.4 MB; md5sum: d18e670e5df560a8745e1b4dede8f84f): http://downloads.sourceforge.net/cracklib/cracklib-words.gz
Required patch to create a library used with the Heimdal Kerberos 5 package: http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/patches/blfs/6.2.0/cracklib-2.8.9-heimdal-1.patch
There are additional word lists available for download, e.g., from http://www.cotse.com/tools/wordlists.htm. CrackLib can utilize as many, or as few word lists you choose to install.
Users tend to base their passwords on regular words of the spoken language, and crackers know that. CrackLib is intended to filter out such bad passwords at the source using a dictionary created from word lists. To accomplish this, the word list(s) for use with CrackLib must be an exhaustive list of words and word-based keystroke combinations likely to be chosen by users of the system as (guessable) passwords.
The default word list recommended above for downloading mostly satisfies this role in English-speaking countries. In other situations, it may be necessary to download (or even create) additional word lists.
Note that word lists suitable for spell-checking are not usable as CrackLib word lists in countries with non-Latin based alphabets, because of “word-based keystroke combinations” that make bad passwords.
If desired, apply the Heimdal patch (note that with this patch the original library is not affected; this patch only creates an additional library used by the Heimdal password-checking routines):
patch -Np1 -i ../cracklib-2.8.9-heimdal-1.patch
Install CrackLib by running the following commands:
./configure --prefix=/usr \ --with-default-dict=/lib/cracklib/pw_dict && make
Now, as the root user:
make install && mv -v /usr/lib/libcrack.so.2* /lib && ln -v -sf ../../lib/libcrack.so.2.8.0 /usr/lib/libcrack.so
Issue the following commands as the root user to install the recommended word list and create the CrackLib dictionary. Other word lists (text based, one word per line) can also be used by simply installing them into /usr/share/dict and adding them to the create-cracklib-dict command.
install -v -m644 -D ../cracklib-words.gz \ /usr/share/dict/cracklib-words.gz && gunzip -v /usr/share/dict/cracklib-words.gz && ln -v -s cracklib-words /usr/share/dict/words && echo $(hostname) >>/usr/share/dict/cracklib-extra-words && install -v -m755 -d /lib/cracklib && create-cracklib-dict /usr/share/dict/cracklib-words \ /usr/share/dict/cracklib-extra-words
If desired, check the proper operation of the library as an unprivileged user using the tests included with the package:
If you are installing CrackLib after your LFS system has been completed and you have the Shadow package installed, you must reinstall Shadow-4.0.15 if you wish to provide strong password support on your system. If you are now going to install the Linux-PAM-0.99.4.0 package, you may disregard this note as Shadow will be reinstalled after the Linux-PAM installation.
--with-default-dict=/lib/cracklib/pw_dict: This parameter forces the installation of the CrackLib dictionary to the /lib hierarchy.
mv -v /usr/lib/libcrack.so.2* /lib and ln -v -sf ../../lib/libcrack.so.2.8.0 ...: These two commands move the libcrack.so.2.8.0 library and associated symlink from /usr/lib to /lib, then recreates the /usr/lib/libcrack.so symlink pointing to the relocated file.
install -v -m644 -D ...: This command creates the /usr/share/dict directory (if it doesn't already exist) and installs the compressed word list there.
ln -v -s cracklib-words /usr/share/dict/words: The word list is linked to /usr/share/dict/words as historically, words is the primary word list in the /usr/share/dict directory. Omit this command if you already have a /usr/share/dict/words file installed on your system.
echo $(hostname) >>...: The value of hostname is echoed to a file called cracklib-extra-words. This extra file is intended to be a site specific list which includes easy to guess passwords such as company or department names, user's names, product names, computer names, domain names, etc.
create-cracklib-dict ...: This command creates the CrackLib dictionary from the word lists. Modify the command to add any additional word lists you have installed.
Last updated on 2007-01-15 17:25:53 -0600