Introduction to GIMP

The GIMP package contains the GNU Image Manipulation Program. This is useful for photo retouching, image composition and image authoring.

Package information

Installation of GIMP

Install GIMP by running the following commands:

./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --disable-print \
    --without-libjpeg --without-libtiff &&

Now, as the root user:

make install

Command explanations

--disable-print: This option will disable print support and is necessary if gimp-print is not installed. If you have gimp-print installed, remove this option.

--without-libjpeg: This option is necessary if libjpeg is not installed. Remove it if libjpeg is installed.

--without-libtiff: This option is necessary if libtiff is not installed. Remove it if libtiff is installed.

Configuring GIMP

Config files

/etc/gimp/2.0/* and ~/.gimp-2.0/gimprc

Configuration Information

GIMP executes a configuration wizard for each user upon their initial use of the program.


Installed Programs: gimp, gimp-2.2, gimp-remote, gimp-remote-2.2 and gimptool-2.0
Installed Libraries:,,,,,,, and many other modules and plugin libraries
Installed Directories: /etc/gimp, /usr/include/gimp-2.0, /usr/lib/gimp, /usr/share/gimp and /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/libgimp{,base,color,math,module,thumb,widgets}

Short Descriptions


is a symbolic link to gimp-2.2.


is an image manipulation program. It works with a variety of image formats and provides a large selection of tools.


is a symbolic link to gimp-remote-2.2.


is a small utility that tells a running GIMP to open a local or remote image file.


is a tool that can build plug-ins or scripts and install them if they are distributed in one source file. gimptool-2.0 can also be used by programs that need to know what libraries and include-paths GIMP was compiled with.

provides C bindings for GIMP's Procedural Database (PDB) which offers an interface to core functions and to functionality provided by plug-ins.

provides the C functions for basic GIMP functionality such as determining enumeration data types, gettext translation, determining GIMP's version number and capabilities, handling data files and accessing the environment.

provides the C functions relating to RGB, HSV and CMYK colors as well as converting colors between different color models and performing adaptive supersampling on an area.

contains C functions which provide mathematical definitions and macros, manipulate 3x3 transformation matrices, set up and manipulate vectors and the MD5 message-digest algorithm.

provides the C functions which implements module loading using GModule and keeps a list of GimpModule's found in a given searchpath.

provides the C functions for handling GIMP's thumbnail objects.

contains the GIMP common user interface functions.

contains GIMP and GTK widget creation and manipulation functions.

Last updated on 2005-02-02 19:30:38 -0700